Evaluation of cardiac 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy: Reviewing NMR principles

Edward F. Hoffenberg, Piotr Kozlowski, Tomás A. Salerno, Roxanne Deslauriers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) has been used for several decades as an analytical tool in cardiac research and is quickly emerging as a diagnostic tool, due to its ability to continuously and noninvasively monitor levels of high energy phosphates, inorganic phosphate, and intracellular pH in localized regions of the myocardium. This article provides a brief review of basic MRS principles, presents some current techniques of localized spectroscopy related to experimental and clinical cardiac research, and discusses their advantages and disadvantages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)135-143
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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