Evaluation of boric acid sugar baits against Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) in tropical environments

Diana P. Naranjo, Whitney A. Qualls, Gunter C. Müller, Dayana M. Samson, Deborah Roque, Temitope Alimi, Kristopher Arheart, John C. Beier, Rui De Xue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations


Attractive toxic sugar bait (active ingredient, 1 % boric acid) was evaluated against Aedes albopictus Skuse populations in the laboratory, semi-field trials, and field trials in residential communities in St. Augustine, Florida. Laboratory evaluations of boric acid sugar baits applied to the plant Pentas lanceolata (Rubiaceae) demonstrated 100 and 92 % mortality of A. albopictus at day 7 and 14, respectively. A semi-field study evaluating the bait application to the upperside or topside of leaves resulted in no significant difference on mortality (P > 0.05). Overall combined top and bottom boric acid sugar bait application mortality at day 7 was 95 % based on leaf bioassays. Field application of the boric acid sugar baits significantly (P < 0.05) decreased adult A. albopictus populations up to day 21 post-treatment compared to the pre-treatment population numbers. A significant reduction in oviposition was demonstrated both at day 7 and 14 post-application (P = 0.001) as monitored by ovitraps. Attractive toxic sugar bait application in tropical environments demonstrated efficacy, persistence, and feasibility in controlling A. albopictus populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1583-1587
Number of pages5
JournalParasitology Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2013


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • veterinary(all)
  • Insect Science
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Naranjo, D. P., Qualls, W. A., Müller, G. C., Samson, D. M., Roque, D., Alimi, T., Arheart, K., Beier, J. C., & Xue, R. D. (2013). Evaluation of boric acid sugar baits against Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) in tropical environments. Parasitology Research, 112(4), 1583-1587. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-013-3312-8