Evaluation of biological activities of new LH‐RH antagonists (T‐series) in male and female rats


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A series of new highly potent LH-RH antagonists (T-series) has been synthesized in our laboratory. Among these analogs, antagonists [Ac-D-Nal(2), D-Phe(4Cl)2, D-Pal(3)3, D-Lys(A2pr(Car)2)6, D-Ala10]LH-RH (T-140); [Ac-D-Nal(2)1, D-Phe(4Cl)2, D-Pal(3)3, D-Lys(A2pr(Ac)2)6, D-Ala10]LH-RH (T-148); [Ac-D-Nal(2)1, D-Phe(4Cl)2, D-Pal(3)3, D-Lys(A2pr(For)2)6, D-Ala10]LH-RH (T-151) and [Ac-D-Nal(2)1, D-Phe(4Cl)2, D-Pal(3)3, D-Lys(A2bu(For)2)6, D-Ala10]LH-RH (T-159) were the most powerful. Antagonists T-140, T-148 and T-151 produced a complete blockade of ovulation in normal cycling rats at a dose of 1.5 μg/rat and antagonist T-159 at a dose of only 0.75 μg/rat. The inhibitory effects of compounds T-148, T-151 and T-159 on gonadotropin and sex steroid secretion were investigated in male and female rats. To determine their effect on LH levels in castrated male and ovariectomized female rats, T-148, T-151 and T-159 were injected subcutaneously in doses of 0.625 and 2.5 μg/rat. Blood samples were taken at different intervals for 48 h. All three compounds at either dose caused a significant (P < 0.01) decrease in LH levels for more than 6 h. Significant (P < 0.01) inhibition of LH lasted for more than 24 h following a dose of 2.5 μg sc of all 3 antagonists in both male and female rats. Serum FSH levels were also suppressed significantly for more than 48 h in castrated male rats by all three antagonists at a dose of 5 μg/rat sc. Serum testosterone levels were measured in intact male rats injected with antagonists T-148, T-151 and T-159 in doses of 50 and 100 μg sc. Both doses produced a dramatic fall in testosterone (P < 0.01) to castration levels of 6 h after injection. The inhibition of serum testosterone lasted for more than 48 h, but only 100 μg of T-148 maintained testosterone in the castration range for more than 48 h. Antagonists T-148, T-151 and T-159 injected at a dose of 100 μg to intact female rats reduced serum estradiol levels significantly (P < 0.01) for more than 48 h, as compared to control animals. In the cutaneous anaphylactoid test (CAT), T-148, T-151 and T-159 proved to have very low histamine releasing activities. These data demonstrate a high efficacy of these new LH-RH antagonists in suppressing the pituitary-gonadal axis in male and female rats. These LH-RH antagonists could possibly be used for treatment of sex-hormone sensitive cancers and other disorders and conditions, in which a reduction in circulating sex steroids would be beneficial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)66-73
Number of pages8
JournalInternational journal of peptide and protein research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1993
Externally publishedYes


  • LH‐RH antagonist
  • gonadotropin suppression
  • pituitary‐gonadal axis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry


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