Evaluating the invariance of the multigroup ethnic identity measure across foreign-born, second-generation and later-generation college students in the united states

Stevie C.Y. Yap, M. Brent Donnellan, Saeth J. Schwartz, L. Zamboanga Byron, Su Yeong Kim, Que Lam Huynh, Alexander T. Vazsonyi, Miguel ángel Cano, Eric A. Hurley, Susan Krauss Whitbourne, Linda G. Castillo, Roxanne A. Donovan, Shelly A. Blozis, Elissa J. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Past research has established that the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM) exhibits measurement invariance across diverse ethnic groups. However, relatively little research has evaluated whether this measure is invariant across generational status. Thus, the present study evaluates the invariance of the MEIM across foreign-born, second-generation, and later-generation respondents. Method: A large, ethnically diverse sample of college students completed the MEIM as part of an online survey (N = 9,107; 72.8% women; mean age = 20.31 years; SD = 3.38). Results: There is evidence of configural and metric invariance, but there is little evidence of scalar invariance across generational status groups. Conclusions: This study suggests that the MEIM has an equivalent factor structure across generation groups, indicating it is appropriate to compare the magnitude of associations between the MEIM and other variables across foreign-born, second-generation, and later-generation individuals. However, the lack of scalar invariance suggests that mean-level differences across generational status should be interpreted with caution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)460-465
Number of pages6
JournalCultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

Keywords

  • Ethnic identity
  • Generational status
  • MEIM
  • Measurement invariance
  • Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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    Yap, S. C. Y., Donnellan, M. B., Schwartz, S. J., Byron, L. Z., Kim, S. Y., Huynh, Q. L., Vazsonyi, A. T., Cano, M. Á., Hurley, E. A., Whitbourne, S. K., Castillo, L. G., Donovan, R. A., Blozis, S. A., & Brown, E. J. (2016). Evaluating the invariance of the multigroup ethnic identity measure across foreign-born, second-generation and later-generation college students in the united states. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 22(3), 460-465. https://doi.org/10.1037/cdp0000068