Evaluating HIV prevention interventions among drug abusers

Validity issues

Robert M. Malow, Shara L. Gustman, David Ziskind, Robert McMahon, Janet St. Lawrence

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent literature identifies many difficulties in validly measuring sex and drug use behavior associated with HIV risk, particularly among adolescents. In evaluating HIV risk reduction interventions, this literature emphasizes that, in addition to the more obvious determinants of self-report bias (e.g., response style, interviewer characteristics, social desirability, the interview setting), other factors require careful consideration (e.g., whether the person is assigned to a treatment or comparison group; whether the interview occurred at intake, in treatment, or post-discharge; and the severity of the respondent's drug use). It also emphasizes the importance of including toxicologic STD and drug use measures in treatment outcome research to validate respondents' self-reports of risk behavior and adjust them for under-reporting. Guided by the literature, this article suggests procedures for more validly measuring HIV risk reduction, particularly among drug abusing adolescents. These include medical record abstraction, qualitative interviews, and extensive data validity checks to detect illogical or inconsistent responding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-40
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of HIV/AIDS Prevention and Education for Adolescents and Children
Volume2
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1998

Fingerprint

Drug Users
HIV
Interviews
Risk Reduction Behavior
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Self Report
Social Desirability
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Risk-Taking
Medical Records
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Therapeutics
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Adolescent offenders
  • Adolescent risk reduction
  • Drug abuse
  • HIV risk assessment
  • Self-report validity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Evaluating HIV prevention interventions among drug abusers : Validity issues. / Malow, Robert M.; Gustman, Shara L.; Ziskind, David; McMahon, Robert; St. Lawrence, Janet.

In: Journal of HIV/AIDS Prevention and Education for Adolescents and Children, Vol. 2, No. 3-4, 01.12.1998, p. 21-40.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Malow, Robert M. ; Gustman, Shara L. ; Ziskind, David ; McMahon, Robert ; St. Lawrence, Janet. / Evaluating HIV prevention interventions among drug abusers : Validity issues. In: Journal of HIV/AIDS Prevention and Education for Adolescents and Children. 1998 ; Vol. 2, No. 3-4. pp. 21-40.
@article{9da4d933f4bd48f9940c263b1a050d89,
title = "Evaluating HIV prevention interventions among drug abusers: Validity issues",
abstract = "Recent literature identifies many difficulties in validly measuring sex and drug use behavior associated with HIV risk, particularly among adolescents. In evaluating HIV risk reduction interventions, this literature emphasizes that, in addition to the more obvious determinants of self-report bias (e.g., response style, interviewer characteristics, social desirability, the interview setting), other factors require careful consideration (e.g., whether the person is assigned to a treatment or comparison group; whether the interview occurred at intake, in treatment, or post-discharge; and the severity of the respondent's drug use). It also emphasizes the importance of including toxicologic STD and drug use measures in treatment outcome research to validate respondents' self-reports of risk behavior and adjust them for under-reporting. Guided by the literature, this article suggests procedures for more validly measuring HIV risk reduction, particularly among drug abusing adolescents. These include medical record abstraction, qualitative interviews, and extensive data validity checks to detect illogical or inconsistent responding.",
keywords = "Adolescent offenders, Adolescent risk reduction, Drug abuse, HIV risk assessment, Self-report validity",
author = "Malow, {Robert M.} and Gustman, {Shara L.} and David Ziskind and Robert McMahon and {St. Lawrence}, Janet",
year = "1998",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1300/J129v02n03_03",
language = "English",
volume = "2",
pages = "21--40",
journal = "Journal of HIV/AIDS Prevention and Education for Adolescents and Children",
issn = "1069-837X",
publisher = "Haworth Press Inc.",
number = "3-4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluating HIV prevention interventions among drug abusers

T2 - Validity issues

AU - Malow, Robert M.

AU - Gustman, Shara L.

AU - Ziskind, David

AU - McMahon, Robert

AU - St. Lawrence, Janet

PY - 1998/12/1

Y1 - 1998/12/1

N2 - Recent literature identifies many difficulties in validly measuring sex and drug use behavior associated with HIV risk, particularly among adolescents. In evaluating HIV risk reduction interventions, this literature emphasizes that, in addition to the more obvious determinants of self-report bias (e.g., response style, interviewer characteristics, social desirability, the interview setting), other factors require careful consideration (e.g., whether the person is assigned to a treatment or comparison group; whether the interview occurred at intake, in treatment, or post-discharge; and the severity of the respondent's drug use). It also emphasizes the importance of including toxicologic STD and drug use measures in treatment outcome research to validate respondents' self-reports of risk behavior and adjust them for under-reporting. Guided by the literature, this article suggests procedures for more validly measuring HIV risk reduction, particularly among drug abusing adolescents. These include medical record abstraction, qualitative interviews, and extensive data validity checks to detect illogical or inconsistent responding.

AB - Recent literature identifies many difficulties in validly measuring sex and drug use behavior associated with HIV risk, particularly among adolescents. In evaluating HIV risk reduction interventions, this literature emphasizes that, in addition to the more obvious determinants of self-report bias (e.g., response style, interviewer characteristics, social desirability, the interview setting), other factors require careful consideration (e.g., whether the person is assigned to a treatment or comparison group; whether the interview occurred at intake, in treatment, or post-discharge; and the severity of the respondent's drug use). It also emphasizes the importance of including toxicologic STD and drug use measures in treatment outcome research to validate respondents' self-reports of risk behavior and adjust them for under-reporting. Guided by the literature, this article suggests procedures for more validly measuring HIV risk reduction, particularly among drug abusing adolescents. These include medical record abstraction, qualitative interviews, and extensive data validity checks to detect illogical or inconsistent responding.

KW - Adolescent offenders

KW - Adolescent risk reduction

KW - Drug abuse

KW - HIV risk assessment

KW - Self-report validity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032464618&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0032464618&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1300/J129v02n03_03

DO - 10.1300/J129v02n03_03

M3 - Article

VL - 2

SP - 21

EP - 40

JO - Journal of HIV/AIDS Prevention and Education for Adolescents and Children

JF - Journal of HIV/AIDS Prevention and Education for Adolescents and Children

SN - 1069-837X

IS - 3-4

ER -