Evaluating climate indices and their geochemical proxies measured in corals

R. G. Fairbanks, M. N. Evans, J. L. Rubenstone, R. A. Mortlock, K. Broad, M. D. Moore, C. D. Charles

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

167 Scopus citations


Standard ocean/climate indices such as the Niño-3 sea surface temperature (SST) index, based on sparse instrumental data, and atmospheric indices such as the Southern Oscillation Index (SOI), may now be substituted and/or extended by coral-based indices. Several elements or their isotopes are incorporated in coral aragonitic skeletons at predictable concentrations, some of which are temperature or salinity dependent. The availability of century-old corals, at key oceanographic sites, permits the establishment of a network of proxy climate indices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S93-S100
JournalCoral Reefs
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science


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