Evaluating climate indices and their geochemical proxies measured in corals

R. G. Fairbanks, M. N. Evans, J. L. Rubenstone, R. A. Mortlock, Kenneth Broad, M. D. Moore, C. D. Charles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

151 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Standard ocean/climate indices such as the Niño-3 sea surface temperature (SST) index, based on sparse instrumental data, and atmospheric indices such as the Southern Oscillation Index (SOI), may now be substituted and/or extended by coral-based indices. Several elements or their isotopes are incorporated in coral aragonitic skeletons at predictable concentrations, some of which are temperature or salinity dependent. The availability of century-old corals, at key oceanographic sites, permits the establishment of a network of proxy climate indices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCoral Reefs
Volume16
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

corals
coral
climate
surface temperature
skeleton
oscillation
isotopes
oceans
salinity
Southern Oscillation
index
temperature
sea surface temperature
isotope
ocean

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science

Cite this

Fairbanks, R. G., Evans, M. N., Rubenstone, J. L., Mortlock, R. A., Broad, K., Moore, M. D., & Charles, C. D. (1997). Evaluating climate indices and their geochemical proxies measured in corals. Coral Reefs, 16(SUPPL. 1).

Evaluating climate indices and their geochemical proxies measured in corals. / Fairbanks, R. G.; Evans, M. N.; Rubenstone, J. L.; Mortlock, R. A.; Broad, Kenneth; Moore, M. D.; Charles, C. D.

In: Coral Reefs, Vol. 16, No. SUPPL. 1, 1997.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fairbanks, RG, Evans, MN, Rubenstone, JL, Mortlock, RA, Broad, K, Moore, MD & Charles, CD 1997, 'Evaluating climate indices and their geochemical proxies measured in corals', Coral Reefs, vol. 16, no. SUPPL. 1.
Fairbanks RG, Evans MN, Rubenstone JL, Mortlock RA, Broad K, Moore MD et al. Evaluating climate indices and their geochemical proxies measured in corals. Coral Reefs. 1997;16(SUPPL. 1).
Fairbanks, R. G. ; Evans, M. N. ; Rubenstone, J. L. ; Mortlock, R. A. ; Broad, Kenneth ; Moore, M. D. ; Charles, C. D. / Evaluating climate indices and their geochemical proxies measured in corals. In: Coral Reefs. 1997 ; Vol. 16, No. SUPPL. 1.
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