Evaluating climate indices and their geochemical proxies measured in corals

R. G. Fairbanks, M. N. Evans, J. L. Rubenstone, R. A. Mortlock, K. Broad, M. D. Moore, C. D. Charles

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

155 Scopus citations

Abstract

Standard ocean/climate indices such as the Niño-3 sea surface temperature (SST) index, based on sparse instrumental data, and atmospheric indices such as the Southern Oscillation Index (SOI), may now be substituted and/or extended by coral-based indices. Several elements or their isotopes are incorporated in coral aragonitic skeletons at predictable concentrations, some of which are temperature or salinity dependent. The availability of century-old corals, at key oceanographic sites, permits the establishment of a network of proxy climate indices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S93-S100
JournalCoral Reefs
Volume16
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science

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    Fairbanks, R. G., Evans, M. N., Rubenstone, J. L., Mortlock, R. A., Broad, K., Moore, M. D., & Charles, C. D. (1997). Evaluating climate indices and their geochemical proxies measured in corals. Coral Reefs, 16(SUPPL. 1), S93-S100. https://doi.org/10.1007/s003380050245