Background: EUS-guided FNA and Tru-cut biopsy (TCB) is highly accurate in the diagnosis of lymphoma. Subclassification, however, may be difficult in low-grade non-Hodgkin lymphoma and Hodgkin lymphoma. Objective: To determine the yield of EUS-guided biopsy to classify lymphoma based on the World Health Organization classification of tumors of hematopoietic lymphoid tissues. Design: Retrospective study. Setting: Tertiary referral center. Patients: A total of 24 patients referred for EUS-guided biopsy who had a final diagnosis of lymphoma or "highly suspicious for lymphoma.". Interventions: EUS-guided FNA and TCB combined with flow cytometry (FC) analysis. Main Outcomes Measurement: Lymphoma subclassification accuracy of EUS guided biopsy. Results: Twenty-four patients were included in this study. Twenty-three patients underwent EUS-FNA, and 1 patient had only TCB. Twenty-two underwent EUS-TCB combined with FNA. EUS correctly diagnosed lymphoma in 19 out of 24 patients (79%), and subclassification was determined in 16 patients (66.6%). Flow cytometry correctly identified B-cell monoclonality in 95% (18 out of 19). In 1 patient diagnosed as having marginal-zone lymphoma by EUS-FNA/FC only, the diagnosis was changed to hairy cell leukemia after a bone marrow biopsy was obtained. EUS had a lower yield in nonlarge B-cell lymphoma (only 9 out of 15 cases [60%]) compared with large B-cell lymphoma (78%; P = .3 [Fisher exact test]). Limitations: Retrospective, small number of patients. Conclusion: EUS-guided biopsy has a lower yield to correctly classify Hodgkin lymphoma and low-grade lymphoma compared with high-grade diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging