Ethnicity, expressed emotion, and schizophrenia patients' perceptions of their family members' criticism

20 Scopus citations


Expressed emotion is a widely researched construct. However, less is known about patients' own perceptions of their relatives' expressed emotion. Using a sample of 42 patient/family member dyads with schizophrenia, we examined the concordance between the number of criticisms expressed by relatives during the Camberwell Family Interview and patients' perceptions of how critical they perceived their relative to be. As predicted, white and Latino family members who expressed more criticism during the Camberwell Family Interview were indeed perceived as more critical by patients. Among blacks, however, no significant association was found between relatives' expressed criticism and patients' perceptions of their relatives' criticism. Findings from this study suggest that cultural/ethnic values may influence how criticism from relatives is perceived and experienced by patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)644-649
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2006



  • Ethnicity
  • Expressed emotion
  • Family
  • Patient perception
  • Schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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