Ethnic group differences in cardiometabolic disease risk factors independent of body mass index among american youth

Sarah Messiah, Kristopher Arheart, Gabriela Lopez-Mitnik, Steven E Lipshultz, Tracie L Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this analysis was to identify any ethnic group differences in the prevalence of cardiometabolic disease risk factors independent of BMI in United States youth. Design and Methods: Data on 3,510 boys and girls aged 8-11 years from the 1999-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys were analyzed to determine the prevalence of 1 or ≥3 cardiometabolic disease risk factors: abnormal waist circumference and systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), increased concentrations of fasting triglyceride, and decreased concentrations of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol before and after adjusting for BMI. Results: Abnormal waist circumference and HDL-cholesterol significantly differed by ethnic group before and after adjusting for BMI (P < 0.01). Non-Hispanic blacks were significantly less likely to have abnormal HDL-cholesterol concentrations than were Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites, but non-Hispanic whites were significantly more likely to have elevated triglycerides and three or more abnormal cardiometabolic risk factors than non-Hispanic blacks. Conclusion: These findings point to ethnic group disparities not related to BMI alone, even in children as young as 8-11 years. Programs to prevent and treat eventual cardiometabolic disease in children could be tailored for specific ethnic backgrounds as a result.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)424-428
Number of pages5
JournalObesity
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2013

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Ethnic Groups
HDL Cholesterol
Body Mass Index
Waist Circumference
Triglycerides
Blood Pressure
Nutrition Surveys
Hispanic Americans
Fasting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Ethnic group differences in cardiometabolic disease risk factors independent of body mass index among american youth. / Messiah, Sarah; Arheart, Kristopher; Lopez-Mitnik, Gabriela; Lipshultz, Steven E; Miller, Tracie L.

In: Obesity, Vol. 21, No. 3, 01.03.2013, p. 424-428.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Messiah, Sarah ; Arheart, Kristopher ; Lopez-Mitnik, Gabriela ; Lipshultz, Steven E ; Miller, Tracie L. / Ethnic group differences in cardiometabolic disease risk factors independent of body mass index among american youth. In: Obesity. 2013 ; Vol. 21, No. 3. pp. 424-428.
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