Ethics, big data and computing in epidemiology and public health

Jennifer Salerno, Bartha M. Knoppers, Lisa M. Lee, WayWay Hlaing, Kenneth Goodman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose This article reflects on the activities of the Ethics Committee of the American College of Epidemiology (ACE). Members of the Ethics Committee identified an opportunity to elaborate on knowledge gained since the inception of the original Ethics Guidelines published by the ACE Ethics and Standards of Practice Committee in 2000. Methods The ACE Ethics Committee presented a symposium session at the 2016 Epidemiology Congress of the Americas in Miami on the evolving complexities of ethics and epidemiology as it pertains to “big data.” This article presents a summary and further discussion of that symposium session. Results Three topic areas were presented: the policy implications of big data and computing, the fallacy of “secondary” data sources, and the duty of citizens to contribute to big data. A balanced perspective is needed that provides safeguards for individuals but also furthers research to improve population health. Our in-depth review offers next steps for teaching of ethics and epidemiology, as well as for epidemiological research, public health practice, and health policy. Conclusions To address contemporary topics in the area of ethics and epidemiology, the Ethics Committee hosted a symposium session on the timely topic of big data. Technological advancements in clinical medicine and genetic epidemiology research coupled with rapid advancements in data networks, storage, and computation at a lower cost are resulting in the growth of huge data repositories. Big data increases concerns about data integrity; informed consent; protection of individual privacy, confidentiality, and harm; data reidentification; and the reporting of faulty inferences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)297-301
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Epidemiology
Volume27
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2017

Fingerprint

Ethics
Epidemiology
Public Health
Ethics Committees
Information Storage and Retrieval
Public Health Practice
Genetic Research
Molecular Epidemiology
Privacy
Confidentiality
Clinical Medicine
Health Policy
Informed Consent
Research
Teaching
Guidelines
Costs and Cost Analysis
Health
Growth
Population

Keywords

  • Big data
  • Epidemiology
  • Ethics
  • Genomics research
  • Public health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Ethics, big data and computing in epidemiology and public health. / Salerno, Jennifer; Knoppers, Bartha M.; Lee, Lisa M.; Hlaing, WayWay; Goodman, Kenneth.

In: Annals of Epidemiology, Vol. 27, No. 5, 01.05.2017, p. 297-301.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Salerno, Jennifer ; Knoppers, Bartha M. ; Lee, Lisa M. ; Hlaing, WayWay ; Goodman, Kenneth. / Ethics, big data and computing in epidemiology and public health. In: Annals of Epidemiology. 2017 ; Vol. 27, No. 5. pp. 297-301.
@article{89bf714b689c4bb79472ddefb8e866a8,
title = "Ethics, big data and computing in epidemiology and public health",
abstract = "Purpose This article reflects on the activities of the Ethics Committee of the American College of Epidemiology (ACE). Members of the Ethics Committee identified an opportunity to elaborate on knowledge gained since the inception of the original Ethics Guidelines published by the ACE Ethics and Standards of Practice Committee in 2000. Methods The ACE Ethics Committee presented a symposium session at the 2016 Epidemiology Congress of the Americas in Miami on the evolving complexities of ethics and epidemiology as it pertains to “big data.” This article presents a summary and further discussion of that symposium session. Results Three topic areas were presented: the policy implications of big data and computing, the fallacy of “secondary” data sources, and the duty of citizens to contribute to big data. A balanced perspective is needed that provides safeguards for individuals but also furthers research to improve population health. Our in-depth review offers next steps for teaching of ethics and epidemiology, as well as for epidemiological research, public health practice, and health policy. Conclusions To address contemporary topics in the area of ethics and epidemiology, the Ethics Committee hosted a symposium session on the timely topic of big data. Technological advancements in clinical medicine and genetic epidemiology research coupled with rapid advancements in data networks, storage, and computation at a lower cost are resulting in the growth of huge data repositories. Big data increases concerns about data integrity; informed consent; protection of individual privacy, confidentiality, and harm; data reidentification; and the reporting of faulty inferences.",
keywords = "Big data, Epidemiology, Ethics, Genomics research, Public health",
author = "Jennifer Salerno and Knoppers, {Bartha M.} and Lee, {Lisa M.} and WayWay Hlaing and Kenneth Goodman",
year = "2017",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.annepidem.2017.05.002",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "27",
pages = "297--301",
journal = "Annals of Epidemiology",
issn = "1047-2797",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ethics, big data and computing in epidemiology and public health

AU - Salerno, Jennifer

AU - Knoppers, Bartha M.

AU - Lee, Lisa M.

AU - Hlaing, WayWay

AU - Goodman, Kenneth

PY - 2017/5/1

Y1 - 2017/5/1

N2 - Purpose This article reflects on the activities of the Ethics Committee of the American College of Epidemiology (ACE). Members of the Ethics Committee identified an opportunity to elaborate on knowledge gained since the inception of the original Ethics Guidelines published by the ACE Ethics and Standards of Practice Committee in 2000. Methods The ACE Ethics Committee presented a symposium session at the 2016 Epidemiology Congress of the Americas in Miami on the evolving complexities of ethics and epidemiology as it pertains to “big data.” This article presents a summary and further discussion of that symposium session. Results Three topic areas were presented: the policy implications of big data and computing, the fallacy of “secondary” data sources, and the duty of citizens to contribute to big data. A balanced perspective is needed that provides safeguards for individuals but also furthers research to improve population health. Our in-depth review offers next steps for teaching of ethics and epidemiology, as well as for epidemiological research, public health practice, and health policy. Conclusions To address contemporary topics in the area of ethics and epidemiology, the Ethics Committee hosted a symposium session on the timely topic of big data. Technological advancements in clinical medicine and genetic epidemiology research coupled with rapid advancements in data networks, storage, and computation at a lower cost are resulting in the growth of huge data repositories. Big data increases concerns about data integrity; informed consent; protection of individual privacy, confidentiality, and harm; data reidentification; and the reporting of faulty inferences.

AB - Purpose This article reflects on the activities of the Ethics Committee of the American College of Epidemiology (ACE). Members of the Ethics Committee identified an opportunity to elaborate on knowledge gained since the inception of the original Ethics Guidelines published by the ACE Ethics and Standards of Practice Committee in 2000. Methods The ACE Ethics Committee presented a symposium session at the 2016 Epidemiology Congress of the Americas in Miami on the evolving complexities of ethics and epidemiology as it pertains to “big data.” This article presents a summary and further discussion of that symposium session. Results Three topic areas were presented: the policy implications of big data and computing, the fallacy of “secondary” data sources, and the duty of citizens to contribute to big data. A balanced perspective is needed that provides safeguards for individuals but also furthers research to improve population health. Our in-depth review offers next steps for teaching of ethics and epidemiology, as well as for epidemiological research, public health practice, and health policy. Conclusions To address contemporary topics in the area of ethics and epidemiology, the Ethics Committee hosted a symposium session on the timely topic of big data. Technological advancements in clinical medicine and genetic epidemiology research coupled with rapid advancements in data networks, storage, and computation at a lower cost are resulting in the growth of huge data repositories. Big data increases concerns about data integrity; informed consent; protection of individual privacy, confidentiality, and harm; data reidentification; and the reporting of faulty inferences.

KW - Big data

KW - Epidemiology

KW - Ethics

KW - Genomics research

KW - Public health

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85020200166&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85020200166&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.annepidem.2017.05.002

DO - 10.1016/j.annepidem.2017.05.002

M3 - Article

C2 - 28595734

AN - SCOPUS:85020200166

VL - 27

SP - 297

EP - 301

JO - Annals of Epidemiology

JF - Annals of Epidemiology

SN - 1047-2797

IS - 5

ER -