Estimation of intraocular pressure in rabbits with commonly used tonometers

Ana C. Acosta, Edgar M. Espana, Izuru Nose, Marcia Orozco, Hideo Yamamoto, Anna S. Venkatraman, Francisco Fantes, Jean Marie Parel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


■ BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To validate accuracy and reproducibility of the Perkins tonometer, pneumatonometer, and Tono-Pen XL (Medtronic Solan, Jacksonville, FL) in estimating intraocular pressure (IOP) in rabbits. ■ MATERIALS AND METHODS: IOP was increased from 5 to 50 mm Hg in 5-mm increments. Measurements were compared to readings of two digital manometers simultaneously measuring real IOP in the anterior chamber and vitreous cavity. Interobserver accuracy was evaluated using 4 eyes with the Perkins tonometer. ■ RESULTS: The Perkins tonometer and Tono-Pen XL underestimated IOP and were more accurate at pressures less than 30 mm Hg. No statistically significant difference was found between real IOP and Tono-Pen XL readings. The pneumatonometer overestimated pressures in the low ranges but was accurate at pressures greater than 40 mm Hg. The Tono-Pen XL had more variability than the Perkins tonometer and pneumatonometer at high IOP. ■ CONCLUSIONS: None of the tonometers are accurate or reproducible in estimating IOP in rabbits over the tested range. Pneumatonometry, although not very accurate, has the advantage of having acceptable variability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-49
Number of pages7
JournalOphthalmic Surgery Lasers and Imaging
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Ophthalmology


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