Esophageal carcinoma: Current controversial topics

M. Patel, K. Ferry, D. Franceschi, I. Kaklamanos, A. Livingstone, Bach Ardalan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Worldwide, esophageal carcinoma is a common gastrointestinal cancer with a high mortality. The incidence of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus is increasing in the western world, but squamous cell carcinoma remains dominant in the underdeveloped parts of the world. Both types of esophageal carcinoma remain equally virulent. Currently, there are no optimal preventative screening programs available and most patients present with advanced or metastatic disease. Although many options are available for improving diagnostic accuracy, a single method has not displayed significant advantages over the others. In addition, selecting a superior treatment regimen has not surfaced. Preferred resection techniques exist, but one method has not illustrated improvements in survival over the others. A lack of improved survival rates with single modality therapies has led to a multi modality approach. However, developments in neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapies have led to mixed conclusions. Collectively, past studies have not shown an optimal neoadjuvant or adjuvant regimen in terms of survival benefit. This review highlights existing staging modalities and treatment regimens for esophageal carcinoma, in an effort to illustrate the controversial nature surrounding its management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)897-912
Number of pages16
JournalCancer Investigation
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 31 2004

Keywords

  • Chemotherapy
  • Esophageal carcinoma
  • Radiation
  • Staging
  • Surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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