Esophageal and Gastric Motility Disorders in the Elderly

Morgan A. Sendzischew Shane, Baharak Moshiree

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The elderly are particularly prone to developing upper gastrointestinal disturbances. Changes are due to the aging process, diabetes, cardiovascular risk factors, and neurologic issues. Medications used to treat these underlying conditions can cause gastrointestinal symptoms. Dysphagia is common and can be oropharyngeal and/or esophageal. Gastroparesis is due to either medications such opiates, or due to neurologic sequala of diabetes, cerebrovascular accidents, or neurologic diseases such as Parkinson's disease. Given limitations in many commonly used prokinetics with a wide range of side effect profiles including neurologic and cardiac, the focus of treatment should be on symptom management with dietary changes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalClinics in Geriatric Medicine
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Dyspepsia
  • Dysphagia
  • Gastroparesis
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Oropharyngeal dysphagia
  • Parkinson's disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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