Escherichia coli K1 promotes the ligation of CD47 with thrombospondin-1 to prevent the maturation of dendritic cells in the pathogenesis of neonatal meningitis

Rahul Mittal, Ignacio Gonzalez-Gomez, Nemani V. Prasadarao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Dendritic cells (DCs) are professional APCs providing a critical link between adaptive and innate immune responses. Our previous studies have shown that Escherichia coli K1 internalization of myeloid DCs suppressed the maturation of the cells for which outer membrane protein A (OmpA) expression is essential. In this study, we demonstrate that infection of DCs with OmpA + E. coli significantly upregulates the expression of CD47, an integrin-associated protein, and its natural ligand thrombospondin 1 (TSP-1). Pretreatment of DCs with anti-CD47 blocking Ab or knocking down the expression of CD47 or TSP-1, but not signal regulatory protein α by small interfering RNA, abrogated the suppressive effect of E. coli K1. Ligation of CD47 with a mAb prevented the maturation and cytokine production by DCs upon stimulation with LPS similar to the inhibitory effect induced by OmpA+ E. coli. In agreement with the in vitro studies, suppression of CD47 or TSP-1 expression in newborn mice by a novel in vivo small interfering RNA technique protected the animals against E. coli K1 meningitis. Reconstitution of CD47 knockdown mice with CD47+ DCs renders the animals susceptible to meningitis by E. coli K1, substantiating the role of CD47 expression in DCs for the occurrence of meningitis. Our results demonstrate a role for CD47 for the first time in bacterial pathogenesis and may be a novel target for designing preventive approaches for E. coli K1 meningitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2998-3006
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume185
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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