Equivalence of family functioning and externalizing behaviors in adolescent substance users of different race/ethnicity

Daniel J Feaster, Michael S. Robbins, Craig Henderson, Viviana Horigian, Marc J. Puccinelli, A. Kathy Burlew, Jose Szapocznik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Brief Strategic Family Therapy for Adolescent Drug Abuse clinical trial of 480 adolescents boys and girls aged 12 to 17 years and their parents was designed to maximize the chance that a sufficient number of Hispanic and Black adolescents would be included to allow valid subgroup comparisons. Examination of measurement invariance is an important step to ensure valid analysis. Two construct areas important to the analysis of trial results, adolescent problem behaviors, and family functioning showed a high degree of measurement invariance, which allowed valid comparisons of mean baseline differences across groups. Results showed that Black families had significantly higher initial levels of family functioning and lower levels of adolescent externalizing behaviors than either Hispanic or White non-Hispanic families. This pattern is consistent with an increased likelihood of referral of Black adolescents with more severe problems to restricted setting rather than to outpatient drug abuse treatment. This possibility highlights the importance of considering differing baseline characteristics of subgroups prior to assessing differential treatment effectiveness to prevent confounding.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Volume38
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2010

Fingerprint

Adolescent Behavior
Hispanic Americans
Substance-Related Disorders
Family Therapy
Outpatients
Referral and Consultation
Parents
Clinical Trials
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Adolescent problem behaviors
  • Ethnic minorities
  • Measurement invariance
  • Racial/Ethnic variability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Phychiatric Mental Health
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Equivalence of family functioning and externalizing behaviors in adolescent substance users of different race/ethnicity. / Feaster, Daniel J; Robbins, Michael S.; Henderson, Craig; Horigian, Viviana; Puccinelli, Marc J.; Burlew, A. Kathy; Szapocznik, Jose.

In: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, Vol. 38, No. SUPPL. 1, 01.06.2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{501efc6204eb4c3dbb3b505ff65b6027,
title = "Equivalence of family functioning and externalizing behaviors in adolescent substance users of different race/ethnicity",
abstract = "The Brief Strategic Family Therapy for Adolescent Drug Abuse clinical trial of 480 adolescents boys and girls aged 12 to 17 years and their parents was designed to maximize the chance that a sufficient number of Hispanic and Black adolescents would be included to allow valid subgroup comparisons. Examination of measurement invariance is an important step to ensure valid analysis. Two construct areas important to the analysis of trial results, adolescent problem behaviors, and family functioning showed a high degree of measurement invariance, which allowed valid comparisons of mean baseline differences across groups. Results showed that Black families had significantly higher initial levels of family functioning and lower levels of adolescent externalizing behaviors than either Hispanic or White non-Hispanic families. This pattern is consistent with an increased likelihood of referral of Black adolescents with more severe problems to restricted setting rather than to outpatient drug abuse treatment. This possibility highlights the importance of considering differing baseline characteristics of subgroups prior to assessing differential treatment effectiveness to prevent confounding.",
keywords = "Adolescent problem behaviors, Ethnic minorities, Measurement invariance, Racial/Ethnic variability",
author = "Feaster, {Daniel J} and Robbins, {Michael S.} and Craig Henderson and Viviana Horigian and Puccinelli, {Marc J.} and Burlew, {A. Kathy} and Jose Szapocznik",
year = "2010",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jsat.2010.01.010",
language = "English",
volume = "38",
journal = "Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment",
issn = "0740-5472",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "SUPPL. 1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Equivalence of family functioning and externalizing behaviors in adolescent substance users of different race/ethnicity

AU - Feaster, Daniel J

AU - Robbins, Michael S.

AU - Henderson, Craig

AU - Horigian, Viviana

AU - Puccinelli, Marc J.

AU - Burlew, A. Kathy

AU - Szapocznik, Jose

PY - 2010/6/1

Y1 - 2010/6/1

N2 - The Brief Strategic Family Therapy for Adolescent Drug Abuse clinical trial of 480 adolescents boys and girls aged 12 to 17 years and their parents was designed to maximize the chance that a sufficient number of Hispanic and Black adolescents would be included to allow valid subgroup comparisons. Examination of measurement invariance is an important step to ensure valid analysis. Two construct areas important to the analysis of trial results, adolescent problem behaviors, and family functioning showed a high degree of measurement invariance, which allowed valid comparisons of mean baseline differences across groups. Results showed that Black families had significantly higher initial levels of family functioning and lower levels of adolescent externalizing behaviors than either Hispanic or White non-Hispanic families. This pattern is consistent with an increased likelihood of referral of Black adolescents with more severe problems to restricted setting rather than to outpatient drug abuse treatment. This possibility highlights the importance of considering differing baseline characteristics of subgroups prior to assessing differential treatment effectiveness to prevent confounding.

AB - The Brief Strategic Family Therapy for Adolescent Drug Abuse clinical trial of 480 adolescents boys and girls aged 12 to 17 years and their parents was designed to maximize the chance that a sufficient number of Hispanic and Black adolescents would be included to allow valid subgroup comparisons. Examination of measurement invariance is an important step to ensure valid analysis. Two construct areas important to the analysis of trial results, adolescent problem behaviors, and family functioning showed a high degree of measurement invariance, which allowed valid comparisons of mean baseline differences across groups. Results showed that Black families had significantly higher initial levels of family functioning and lower levels of adolescent externalizing behaviors than either Hispanic or White non-Hispanic families. This pattern is consistent with an increased likelihood of referral of Black adolescents with more severe problems to restricted setting rather than to outpatient drug abuse treatment. This possibility highlights the importance of considering differing baseline characteristics of subgroups prior to assessing differential treatment effectiveness to prevent confounding.

KW - Adolescent problem behaviors

KW - Ethnic minorities

KW - Measurement invariance

KW - Racial/Ethnic variability

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77950199285&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77950199285&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jsat.2010.01.010

DO - 10.1016/j.jsat.2010.01.010

M3 - Article

C2 - 20307791

AN - SCOPUS:77950199285

VL - 38

JO - Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment

JF - Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment

SN - 0740-5472

IS - SUPPL. 1

ER -