Epithelioid Hemangioendothelioma of the Bowel in Crohn’s Disease: The First Reported Case

Smiljana Spasic, Iva Brcic, Rochelle Freire, Monica T. Garcia-Buitrago, Andrew E. Rosenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background. Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) is an uncommon malignant endothelial neoplasm that most commonly arises in soft tissue, bone, lung, and liver. Crohn’s disease (CD) is an inflammatory bowel disease of unknown etiology that is frequently associated with complications including strictures, fistulas/fissures, and neoplasms. Case description. A 43-year-old woman with a 6-year history of severe CD presented with anal pain and bleeding. She had prior partial colectomy for a stricture and a diverting ileostomy for perianal fissures and stricture. Colonoscopy showed severe chronic active colitis, stricture at 30 cm of anal verge, and a perianal fistula. The patient underwent total proctocolectomy. The colonic mucosa exhibited segmental ulceration and irregular thickening of the colon wall. Beneath an ulcer of the anal canal within the muscularis propria was a 1.2-cm poorly circumscribed, firm, white-tan mass. The mass was composed of cords and groups of large epithelioid endothelial cells with intracytoplasmic vacuoles enmeshed in a myxohyaline stroma. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were positive for ERG, CD31, and CAMTA1 and focally positive for keratin and SMA. Next-generation sequencing revealed a WWTR1-CMATA1 fusion. The morphology, immunoprofile, and molecular genetics were diagnostic of EHE. Discussion. Long-standing inflammatory bowel disease is associated with significant risk for developing neoplasms, usually carcinomas, which can be indistinguishable radiologically and clinically from nonneoplastic complications. These tumors are often identified as an incidental finding in specimens resected for clinically severe disease. This is the first report of EHE arising in the bowel affected by CD, and it mimicked mural fibrosis and fissures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternational Journal of Surgical Pathology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Epithelioid Hemangioendothelioma
Crohn Disease
Pathologic Constriction
Neoplasms
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Fistula
Epithelioid Cells
Ileostomy
Incidental Findings
Colectomy
Anal Canal
Colitis
Colonoscopy
Keratins
Vacuoles
Ulcer
Molecular Biology
Colon
Mucous Membrane
Fibrosis

Keywords

  • CAMTA1
  • Crohn’s disease
  • epithelioid hemangioendothelioma
  • ERG
  • inflammatory bowel disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Surgery
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Cite this

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title = "Epithelioid Hemangioendothelioma of the Bowel in Crohn’s Disease: The First Reported Case",
abstract = "Background. Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) is an uncommon malignant endothelial neoplasm that most commonly arises in soft tissue, bone, lung, and liver. Crohn’s disease (CD) is an inflammatory bowel disease of unknown etiology that is frequently associated with complications including strictures, fistulas/fissures, and neoplasms. Case description. A 43-year-old woman with a 6-year history of severe CD presented with anal pain and bleeding. She had prior partial colectomy for a stricture and a diverting ileostomy for perianal fissures and stricture. Colonoscopy showed severe chronic active colitis, stricture at 30 cm of anal verge, and a perianal fistula. The patient underwent total proctocolectomy. The colonic mucosa exhibited segmental ulceration and irregular thickening of the colon wall. Beneath an ulcer of the anal canal within the muscularis propria was a 1.2-cm poorly circumscribed, firm, white-tan mass. The mass was composed of cords and groups of large epithelioid endothelial cells with intracytoplasmic vacuoles enmeshed in a myxohyaline stroma. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were positive for ERG, CD31, and CAMTA1 and focally positive for keratin and SMA. Next-generation sequencing revealed a WWTR1-CMATA1 fusion. The morphology, immunoprofile, and molecular genetics were diagnostic of EHE. Discussion. Long-standing inflammatory bowel disease is associated with significant risk for developing neoplasms, usually carcinomas, which can be indistinguishable radiologically and clinically from nonneoplastic complications. These tumors are often identified as an incidental finding in specimens resected for clinically severe disease. This is the first report of EHE arising in the bowel affected by CD, and it mimicked mural fibrosis and fissures.",
keywords = "CAMTA1, Crohn’s disease, epithelioid hemangioendothelioma, ERG, inflammatory bowel disease",
author = "Smiljana Spasic and Iva Brcic and Rochelle Freire and Garcia-Buitrago, {Monica T.} and Rosenberg, {Andrew E.}",
year = "2018",
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doi = "10.1177/1066896918801527",
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journal = "International Journal of Surgical Pathology",
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T1 - Epithelioid Hemangioendothelioma of the Bowel in Crohn’s Disease

T2 - The First Reported Case

AU - Spasic, Smiljana

AU - Brcic, Iva

AU - Freire, Rochelle

AU - Garcia-Buitrago, Monica T.

AU - Rosenberg, Andrew E.

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N2 - Background. Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) is an uncommon malignant endothelial neoplasm that most commonly arises in soft tissue, bone, lung, and liver. Crohn’s disease (CD) is an inflammatory bowel disease of unknown etiology that is frequently associated with complications including strictures, fistulas/fissures, and neoplasms. Case description. A 43-year-old woman with a 6-year history of severe CD presented with anal pain and bleeding. She had prior partial colectomy for a stricture and a diverting ileostomy for perianal fissures and stricture. Colonoscopy showed severe chronic active colitis, stricture at 30 cm of anal verge, and a perianal fistula. The patient underwent total proctocolectomy. The colonic mucosa exhibited segmental ulceration and irregular thickening of the colon wall. Beneath an ulcer of the anal canal within the muscularis propria was a 1.2-cm poorly circumscribed, firm, white-tan mass. The mass was composed of cords and groups of large epithelioid endothelial cells with intracytoplasmic vacuoles enmeshed in a myxohyaline stroma. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were positive for ERG, CD31, and CAMTA1 and focally positive for keratin and SMA. Next-generation sequencing revealed a WWTR1-CMATA1 fusion. The morphology, immunoprofile, and molecular genetics were diagnostic of EHE. Discussion. Long-standing inflammatory bowel disease is associated with significant risk for developing neoplasms, usually carcinomas, which can be indistinguishable radiologically and clinically from nonneoplastic complications. These tumors are often identified as an incidental finding in specimens resected for clinically severe disease. This is the first report of EHE arising in the bowel affected by CD, and it mimicked mural fibrosis and fissures.

AB - Background. Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) is an uncommon malignant endothelial neoplasm that most commonly arises in soft tissue, bone, lung, and liver. Crohn’s disease (CD) is an inflammatory bowel disease of unknown etiology that is frequently associated with complications including strictures, fistulas/fissures, and neoplasms. Case description. A 43-year-old woman with a 6-year history of severe CD presented with anal pain and bleeding. She had prior partial colectomy for a stricture and a diverting ileostomy for perianal fissures and stricture. Colonoscopy showed severe chronic active colitis, stricture at 30 cm of anal verge, and a perianal fistula. The patient underwent total proctocolectomy. The colonic mucosa exhibited segmental ulceration and irregular thickening of the colon wall. Beneath an ulcer of the anal canal within the muscularis propria was a 1.2-cm poorly circumscribed, firm, white-tan mass. The mass was composed of cords and groups of large epithelioid endothelial cells with intracytoplasmic vacuoles enmeshed in a myxohyaline stroma. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were positive for ERG, CD31, and CAMTA1 and focally positive for keratin and SMA. Next-generation sequencing revealed a WWTR1-CMATA1 fusion. The morphology, immunoprofile, and molecular genetics were diagnostic of EHE. Discussion. Long-standing inflammatory bowel disease is associated with significant risk for developing neoplasms, usually carcinomas, which can be indistinguishable radiologically and clinically from nonneoplastic complications. These tumors are often identified as an incidental finding in specimens resected for clinically severe disease. This is the first report of EHE arising in the bowel affected by CD, and it mimicked mural fibrosis and fissures.

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