Epiglottic masses identified on CT imaging: A case report and review of the broad differential diagnosis

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Abstract

Epiglottic masses may be cystic, granulomatous, infectious, benign or malignant neoplastic, or manifestations of a systemic disease. When large in size, the airway may become obstructed, and when accompanied by suspicious features such as cartilaginous invasion, extension to the pre-epiglottic or para-glottic spaces, or lymphadenopathy, the radiologist must consider malignancy as a primary differential diagnosis. However, when only benign features are identified, the differential diagnosis is broad. We present a 65-year-old female with an incidental 1 cm exophytic, pedunculated, papillomatous lesion on the laryngeal surface of the epiglottis discovered upon endoscopic evaluation for dyspepsia and heartburn. Because of her risk factors for malignancy, CT scan was requested and revealed only benign features. Subsequent excisional biopsy revealed a benign squamous papilloma; however, multiple additional differential considerations were entertained preoperatively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)347-353
Number of pages7
JournalNeuroradiology Journal
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

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Keywords

  • CT imaging
  • epiglottis
  • larynx
  • mass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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