Epidemiology of Persistent Postsurgical Pain Manifesting as Dry Eye-Like Symptoms After Cataract Surgery

Ravin Sajnani, Sophia Raia, Allister Gibbons, Victoria Chang, Carol Karp, Konstantinos D. Sarantopoulos, Roy C Levitt, Anat Galor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate the epidemiology of persistent postsurgical pain (PPP) manifesting as dry eye (DE)-like symptoms 6 months after surgery. METHODS: This single-center study included 119 individuals whose cataract surgeries were performed by a single surgeon at the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute and who agreed to participate in a phone survey 6 months after surgery. Patients were divided into 2 groups: the PPP group was defined as those with a Dry Eye Questionnaire-5 score ≥6 and without PPP as those with a Dry Eye Questionnaire-5 score <6 at 6 months after cataract surgery. RESULTS: Mean age of the study population was 73 ± 8.0 years; 55% (n = 66) were female. PPP was present in 34% (n = 41) of individuals 6 months after surgery. Factors associated with an increased risk of PPP were female sex [odds ratio (OR) = 2.68, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.20-6.00, P = 0.01], autoimmune disorder (OR = 13.2, CI = 1.53-114, P = 0.007), nonocular chronic pain disorder (OR = 4.29, CI = 1.01-18.1, P = 0.06), antihistamine use (OR = 6.22, CI = 2.17-17.8, P = 0.0003), antireflux medication use (OR = 2.42, CI = 1.04-5.66, P = 0.04), antidepressant use (OR = 3.17, CI = 1.31-7.68, P = 0.01), anxiolytic use (OR = 3.38, CI = 1.11-10.3, P = 0.03), and antiinsomnia medication use (OR = 5.28, CI = 0.98-28.5, P = 0.047). PPP patients also reported more frequent use of artificial tears (P < 0.0001), higher ocular pain levels (P < 0.0001), and greater neuropathic ocular pain symptoms, including burning (P = 0.001), wind sensitivity (P = 0.001), and light sensitivity (P < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: PPP in the form of persistent DE-like symptoms is present in approximately 34% of individuals 6 months after cataract surgery. The frequency of PPP after cataract surgery is comparable to that of other surgeries including laser refractive surgery, dental implants, and genitourinary procedures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1535-1541
Number of pages7
JournalCornea
Volume37
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

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Cataract
Epidemiology
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Pain
Eye Pain
Refractive Surgical Procedures
Photophobia
Somatoform Disorders
Dental Implants
Histamine Antagonists
Anti-Anxiety Agents
Sex Ratio
Laser Therapy
Neuralgia
Chronic Pain
Antidepressive Agents
Population
Surveys and Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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Epidemiology of Persistent Postsurgical Pain Manifesting as Dry Eye-Like Symptoms After Cataract Surgery. / Sajnani, Ravin; Raia, Sophia; Gibbons, Allister; Chang, Victoria; Karp, Carol; Sarantopoulos, Konstantinos D.; Levitt, Roy C; Galor, Anat.

In: Cornea, Vol. 37, No. 12, 01.12.2018, p. 1535-1541.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "PURPOSE: To evaluate the epidemiology of persistent postsurgical pain (PPP) manifesting as dry eye (DE)-like symptoms 6 months after surgery. METHODS: This single-center study included 119 individuals whose cataract surgeries were performed by a single surgeon at the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute and who agreed to participate in a phone survey 6 months after surgery. Patients were divided into 2 groups: the PPP group was defined as those with a Dry Eye Questionnaire-5 score ≥6 and without PPP as those with a Dry Eye Questionnaire-5 score <6 at 6 months after cataract surgery. RESULTS: Mean age of the study population was 73 ± 8.0 years; 55{\%} (n = 66) were female. PPP was present in 34{\%} (n = 41) of individuals 6 months after surgery. Factors associated with an increased risk of PPP were female sex [odds ratio (OR) = 2.68, 95{\%} confidence interval (CI) = 1.20-6.00, P = 0.01], autoimmune disorder (OR = 13.2, CI = 1.53-114, P = 0.007), nonocular chronic pain disorder (OR = 4.29, CI = 1.01-18.1, P = 0.06), antihistamine use (OR = 6.22, CI = 2.17-17.8, P = 0.0003), antireflux medication use (OR = 2.42, CI = 1.04-5.66, P = 0.04), antidepressant use (OR = 3.17, CI = 1.31-7.68, P = 0.01), anxiolytic use (OR = 3.38, CI = 1.11-10.3, P = 0.03), and antiinsomnia medication use (OR = 5.28, CI = 0.98-28.5, P = 0.047). PPP patients also reported more frequent use of artificial tears (P < 0.0001), higher ocular pain levels (P < 0.0001), and greater neuropathic ocular pain symptoms, including burning (P = 0.001), wind sensitivity (P = 0.001), and light sensitivity (P < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: PPP in the form of persistent DE-like symptoms is present in approximately 34{\%} of individuals 6 months after cataract surgery. The frequency of PPP after cataract surgery is comparable to that of other surgeries including laser refractive surgery, dental implants, and genitourinary procedures.",
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AU - Chang, Victoria

AU - Karp, Carol

AU - Sarantopoulos, Konstantinos D.

AU - Levitt, Roy C

AU - Galor, Anat

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N2 - PURPOSE: To evaluate the epidemiology of persistent postsurgical pain (PPP) manifesting as dry eye (DE)-like symptoms 6 months after surgery. METHODS: This single-center study included 119 individuals whose cataract surgeries were performed by a single surgeon at the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute and who agreed to participate in a phone survey 6 months after surgery. Patients were divided into 2 groups: the PPP group was defined as those with a Dry Eye Questionnaire-5 score ≥6 and without PPP as those with a Dry Eye Questionnaire-5 score <6 at 6 months after cataract surgery. RESULTS: Mean age of the study population was 73 ± 8.0 years; 55% (n = 66) were female. PPP was present in 34% (n = 41) of individuals 6 months after surgery. Factors associated with an increased risk of PPP were female sex [odds ratio (OR) = 2.68, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.20-6.00, P = 0.01], autoimmune disorder (OR = 13.2, CI = 1.53-114, P = 0.007), nonocular chronic pain disorder (OR = 4.29, CI = 1.01-18.1, P = 0.06), antihistamine use (OR = 6.22, CI = 2.17-17.8, P = 0.0003), antireflux medication use (OR = 2.42, CI = 1.04-5.66, P = 0.04), antidepressant use (OR = 3.17, CI = 1.31-7.68, P = 0.01), anxiolytic use (OR = 3.38, CI = 1.11-10.3, P = 0.03), and antiinsomnia medication use (OR = 5.28, CI = 0.98-28.5, P = 0.047). PPP patients also reported more frequent use of artificial tears (P < 0.0001), higher ocular pain levels (P < 0.0001), and greater neuropathic ocular pain symptoms, including burning (P = 0.001), wind sensitivity (P = 0.001), and light sensitivity (P < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: PPP in the form of persistent DE-like symptoms is present in approximately 34% of individuals 6 months after cataract surgery. The frequency of PPP after cataract surgery is comparable to that of other surgeries including laser refractive surgery, dental implants, and genitourinary procedures.

AB - PURPOSE: To evaluate the epidemiology of persistent postsurgical pain (PPP) manifesting as dry eye (DE)-like symptoms 6 months after surgery. METHODS: This single-center study included 119 individuals whose cataract surgeries were performed by a single surgeon at the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute and who agreed to participate in a phone survey 6 months after surgery. Patients were divided into 2 groups: the PPP group was defined as those with a Dry Eye Questionnaire-5 score ≥6 and without PPP as those with a Dry Eye Questionnaire-5 score <6 at 6 months after cataract surgery. RESULTS: Mean age of the study population was 73 ± 8.0 years; 55% (n = 66) were female. PPP was present in 34% (n = 41) of individuals 6 months after surgery. Factors associated with an increased risk of PPP were female sex [odds ratio (OR) = 2.68, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.20-6.00, P = 0.01], autoimmune disorder (OR = 13.2, CI = 1.53-114, P = 0.007), nonocular chronic pain disorder (OR = 4.29, CI = 1.01-18.1, P = 0.06), antihistamine use (OR = 6.22, CI = 2.17-17.8, P = 0.0003), antireflux medication use (OR = 2.42, CI = 1.04-5.66, P = 0.04), antidepressant use (OR = 3.17, CI = 1.31-7.68, P = 0.01), anxiolytic use (OR = 3.38, CI = 1.11-10.3, P = 0.03), and antiinsomnia medication use (OR = 5.28, CI = 0.98-28.5, P = 0.047). PPP patients also reported more frequent use of artificial tears (P < 0.0001), higher ocular pain levels (P < 0.0001), and greater neuropathic ocular pain symptoms, including burning (P = 0.001), wind sensitivity (P = 0.001), and light sensitivity (P < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: PPP in the form of persistent DE-like symptoms is present in approximately 34% of individuals 6 months after cataract surgery. The frequency of PPP after cataract surgery is comparable to that of other surgeries including laser refractive surgery, dental implants, and genitourinary procedures.

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