Our understanding of the epidemiology of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has grown rapidly, and the principle modes of transmission are well defined. Research continues to explore the subtleties of transmission, to define factors that influence transmission and to track the epidemic. HIV is transmitted by one of three routes: sexual intercourse, direct inoculation as occurs with transfusions of blood or blood products or sharing of contaminated needles and vertically from mother to infant (intrauterine or peripartum). Contact that does not involve transfer of infected blood or body fluids has not been associated with transmission. This epidemiologic information should be used to inform patients, families and friends of patients so that they can avoid risks of further transmission with a minimum of disruption to their lives.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1988|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health