Entrainment was attempted during electrophysiologic evaluation of 8 patients with atrioventricular (AV) nodal reentrant tachycardia. Entrainment could be performed while pacing from the high right atrium in 35 of 35 episodes, from proximal coronary sinus in 9 of 21 episodes and from distal coronary sinus in 10 of 20 episodes. The minimal rates required were 8 to 40 beats/min faster than those of the tachycardias. That the atria (as defined in electrophysiologic studies) were not a necessary component of the reentry circuit was suggested by the occurrence, during tachycardia, of short episodes of AV dissociation and of 1 episode of 2:1 retrograde block. For the tachycardia to be interrupted, the pacing rate usually had to be slightly faster than that required to entrain, as well as sufficiently rapid to produce anterograde block of an atrial impulse in the slow AV nodal pathway. Moreover, termination of tachycardia apparently was a function of the pacing site. In some episodes, either because of a proximity effect or because of a preferential input into the upper common pathway, coronary sinus pacing terminated the tachycardia at slower rates or with fewer stimuli than high right atrial pacing. Thus, patients with drug-resistant AV nodal reentrant tachycardias may benefit from recently introduced pacing techniques for termination of tachycardia through entrainment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine