Entire solutions in bistable reaction-diffusion equations with nonlocal delayed nonlinearity

Zhi Cheng Wang, Wan Tong Li, Shigui Ruan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

98 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper is concerned with entire solutions for bistable reactiondiffusion equations with nonlocal delay in one-dimensional spatial domain. Here the entire solutions are defined in the whole space and for all time t. R. Assuming that the equation has an increasing traveling wave solution with nonzero wave speed and using the comparison argument, we prove the existence of entire solutions which behave as two traveling wave solutions coming from both ends of the x-axis and annihilating at a finite time. Furthermore, weshow that such an entire solution is unique up to space-time translations and is Liapunov stable. A key idea is to characterize the asymptotic behavior of the solutions as t →- in terms of appropriate subsolutions and supersolutions. In order to illustrate our main results, two models of reaction-diffusion equations with nonlocal delay arising from mathematical biology are considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2047-2084
Number of pages38
JournalTransactions of the American Mathematical Society
Volume361
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematics(all)
  • Applied Mathematics

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