The performance of the ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) under imperfect model conditions is investigated through simultaneous state and parameter estimation for a numerical weather prediction model of operational complexity (MM5). The source of model error is assumed to be the uncertainty in the vertical eddy mixing coefficient. Assimilations are performed with a 12-hour interval with simulated sounding and surface observations of horizontal winds and temperature. The mean estimated parameter value nicely converges to the true value within a satisfactory level of variability due to sufficient model sensitivity to parameter uncertainty and detectable (relative to ensemble sampling noise) correlation signal between the parameter and observed variables.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)