Fluorescein, Texas Red, Cascade Blue, 7-amino-methylcoumarin-3-acetic acid, and Lucifer Yellow were evaluated as fluorescent labels for homogeneous fluorophore-linked binding assays. Conjugates of avidin with these fluorophores exhibited an enhancement in fluorescence emission in the presence of biotin or biotin derivatives. This property was used in the development of assays for biotin. The biotin-induced fluorescence enhancement of each labeled avidin were compared. Fluorescein led to the most sensitive calibration (dose-response) curve for biotin with a detection limit of 8 × 10-10M.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry