Enhancement of morphine antinociception with the peptide N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor antagonist [Ser1]-histogranin in the rat formalin test

Aldric Hama, Adam Basler, Jacqueline Sagen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Opiates may be used to attenuate chronic pain, but long-term use is complicated by the possible increase in pain over time, escalating dose requirements, and untoward side effects. Adjuncts such as ketamine, an N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist, may be added to opiates to provide more consistent analgesia. However, the unwanted motor side effects of NMDA receptor antagonists prevent their widespread clinical usage. In the current study, an analogue of the naturally-derived peptide histogranin, [Ser1]histogranin (SHG), an NMDA receptor modulator without adverse side effects like those in current clinical use, was evaluated for its potential to enhance the antinociceptive effect of intrathecal morphine in the rat formalin test. Intrathecal injection of a combination of SHG and morphine resulted in significantly reduced hind paw flinching compared with morphine alone in the first and second phases. The effective dose of SHG used in the combination had no efficacy when tested alone. These results were similar to the increased efficacy that was obtained with a combination of ketamine and morphine. Thus, enhancement of opiate efficacy is possible using a novel peptide NMDA receptor modulator with a potentially improved safety profile.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-64
Number of pages6
JournalBrain Research
Volume1095
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 16 2006

Keywords

  • Hyperalgesia
  • Intrathecal
  • Ketamine
  • Phasic pain
  • Spinal cord

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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