BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Isolated dissecting aneurysms of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) carry a high risk of rebleeding with an associated increased mortality rate. Although rare, they present a therapeutic challenge. Surgical treatment carries a significant risk of neurologic complications, predominantly lower cranial nerve deficits because of the close relationship of the aneurysm with the brain stem and cranial nerves. The purpose of this article is to show that endovascular treatment of dissecting aneurysms of the PICA can be effective and can allow the patient to avoid the complications associated with surgery. METHODS: Six patients (age range, 28-70 years) with dissecting aneurysms of the PICA were treated at our center by endovascular occlusion with Guglielmi detachable coils or glue and followed for up to 30 months. Inclusion of patients in the study was based on careful angiographic assessment of the vascular anatomy and collateral supply of the posterior fossa. When on the basis of the anatomy, potential lack of sufficient collaterals was suggested, a test occlusion was performed to determine the feasibility of an endovascular approach. Four additional cases, which have been described in the literature, were included in the analysis of results. RESULTS: In all patients, the aneurysm was successfully occluded with no apparent procedure-related complications. Follow-up studies showed stable and complete occlusion of the aneurysm in all patients with no long-term neurologic deficits. CONCLUSIONS: Endovascular treatment by aneurysm and parent artery occlusion is a relatively safe and reliable alternative to surgery for isolated dissecting aneurysms of the PICA.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||American Journal of Neuroradiology|
|State||Published - Mar 2006|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Clinical Neurology