Endovascular Management of Distal Anterior Cerebral Artery Aneurysms: A Multicenter Retrospective Review

Guilherme B.F. Porto, Sami Al Kasab, Mithun G. Sattur, Eyad Almallouhi, Orgest Lajthia, Michael A. Casey, Robert M. Starke, Giuseppe Lanzino, Christopher S. Ogilvy, Ajith J. Thomas, Louis Kim, Robert F. James, Michael Levitt, Alejandro M. Spiotta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Distal anterior cerebral artery aneurysms (DACAA) are a rare and difficult entity to manage. Endovascular treatment has evolved for safe and durable treatment of these lesions. The objective of this study is to report the safety, efficacy, and outcomes of endovascular treatment of DACAA. Methods: A retrospective review of DACAA endovascularly treated at 5 different institutions was performed. Data included demographics, rupture status, radiographic features, endovascular technique, complication rates, and long-term angiographic and clinical outcomes. A primary endpoint was a good clinical outcome (modified Rankin scale 0–2). Secondary endpoints included complications and radiographic occlusion at follow-up. Results: A total of 84 patients were reviewed. The mean age was 56, and 64 (71.4%) were female. Fifty-two (61.9%) aneurysms were ruptured. A good functional outcome was achieved in 59 patients (85.5%). Sixty (71.4%) aneurysms were treated with primary coiling, and the remaining 24 were treated with flow diversion. Adequate occlusion was achieved in 41 (95.3%) aneurysms treated with coiling, and 17 (89.5%) with flow diversion. There were total 11 (13%) complications. In the flow diversion category, there were 2, both related to femoral access. In the coiling category, there were 9: 5 thromboembolic, 3 ruptures, and 1 related to femoral access. Conclusion: Endovascular treatment, and in particular, flow diversion for DACAA, is safe, feasible, and associated with good long-term angiographic and clinical outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e421-e427
JournalWorld neurosurgery
Volume154
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Coiling
  • Distal anterior cerebral artery aneurysms
  • Flow diversion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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