Endoscopic spinal fusion

Jason Ilias Liounakos, Gregory Basil, Karthik Madhavan, Michael Y. Wang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Spinal fusion surgery has the potential to alleviate pain, improve functional ability, and maximize overall quality of life. Recognizing not only the importance to preserve as much normal human anatomy and physiology as possible but also to take into account the overwhelming economic, social, and psychological burden that open surgery may place on both patient and society, the concept of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) was born. The goals of MIS are to achieve the same results as conventional open surgery while striving to minimize soft tissue destruction, decrease intraoperative blood loss, reduce postoperative pain and hospital length of stay, and most importantly accelerate return to preoperative functional status. Endoscopic spinal fusion represents a step in the evolution of minimally invasive spine surgery that now allows us to even perform procedures such as the transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) without general anesthesia, removing yet another possible cause of surgical morbidity. Endoscopic techniques for fusion in the lumbar spine have been developed for every approach, and techniques also exist for both cervical and thoracic applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMinimally Invasive Spine Surgery
Subtitle of host publicationSurgical Techniques and Disease Management
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9783030190071
ISBN (Print)9783030190064
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020


  • Cervical fusion
  • Endoscopy
  • Instrumented fusion
  • Lumbar fusion
  • Minimally invasive

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Endoscopic spinal fusion'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this