Endophthalmitis caused by Staphylococcus aureus

Kay Mao Lisa Kay Mao, Harry W Flynn, Darlene Miller, S. C. Pflugfelder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The medical records of 27 patients (27 eyes) with culture-positive Staphylococcus aureus endophthalmitis, diagnosed between December 1984 and February 1992, were reviewed. In 20 of the 27 eyes, endophthalmitis occurred within seven days of ocular surgery. All tested isolates were sensitive to vancomycin, gentamicin, and ceftazidime. In 13 eyes treated by initial vitrectomy and intraocular antibiotic injection, ten eyes achieved 20/400 or better visual acuity, compared to seven of 14 eyes in the initial vitreous tap and intraocular antibiotic injection group. For the eight eyes treated initially with intraocular corticosteroids, seven eyes achieved 20/400 or better visual acuity, compared to ten of 19 eyes in the group receiving no initial intraocular corticosteroids (P = .190). The use of vitrectomy and intraocular corticosteroids with intraocular antibiotics was associated with the best visual outcomes in this group of eyes with endophthalmitis caused by S. aureus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)584-589
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume116
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993

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Endophthalmitis
Staphylococcus aureus
Intraocular Injections
Adrenal Cortex Hormones
Vitrectomy
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Visual Acuity
Ceftazidime
Vancomycin
Gentamicins
Ambulatory Surgical Procedures
Medical Records

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Lisa Kay Mao, K. M., Flynn, H. W., Miller, D., & Pflugfelder, S. C. (1993). Endophthalmitis caused by Staphylococcus aureus. American Journal of Ophthalmology, 116(5), 584-589.

Endophthalmitis caused by Staphylococcus aureus. / Lisa Kay Mao, Kay Mao; Flynn, Harry W; Miller, Darlene; Pflugfelder, S. C.

In: American Journal of Ophthalmology, Vol. 116, No. 5, 01.01.1993, p. 584-589.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lisa Kay Mao, KM, Flynn, HW, Miller, D & Pflugfelder, SC 1993, 'Endophthalmitis caused by Staphylococcus aureus', American Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 116, no. 5, pp. 584-589.
Lisa Kay Mao, Kay Mao ; Flynn, Harry W ; Miller, Darlene ; Pflugfelder, S. C. / Endophthalmitis caused by Staphylococcus aureus. In: American Journal of Ophthalmology. 1993 ; Vol. 116, No. 5. pp. 584-589.
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