Endogenous Neural Stem/Progenitor Cells Stabilize the Cortical Microenvironment after Traumatic Brain Injury

Kirsty J. Dixon, Michelle H. Theus, Claudiu M. Nelersa, Jose Mier, Lissette G. Travieso, Tzong Shiue Yu, Steven G. Kernie, Daniel J. Liebl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Abstract Although a myriad of pathological responses contribute to traumatic brain injury (TBI), cerebral dysfunction has been closely linked to cell death mechanisms. A number of therapeutic strategies have been studied in an attempt to minimize or ameliorate tissue damage; however, few studies have evaluated the inherent protective capacity of the brain. Endogenous neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs) reside in distinct brain regions and have been shown to respond to tissue damage by migrating to regions of injury. Until now, it remained unknown whether these cells have the capacity to promote endogenous repair. We ablated NSPCs in the subventricular zone to examine their contribution to the injury microenvironment after controlled cortical impact (CCI) injury. Studies were performed in transgenic mice expressing the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase gene under the control of the nestinδ promoter exposed to CCI injury. Two weeks after CCI injury, mice deficient in NSPCs had reduced neuronal survival in the perilesional cortex and fewer Iba-1-positive and glial fibrillary acidic protein-positive glial cells but increased glial hypertrophy at the injury site. These findings suggest that the presence of NSPCs play a supportive role in the cortex to promote neuronal survival and glial cell expansion after TBI injury, which corresponds with improvements in motor function. We conclude that enhancing this endogenous response may have acute protective roles after TBI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)753-764
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of neurotrauma
Volume32
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

Keywords

  • Gliosis
  • Neural stem/progenitor cell ablation
  • Neurogenesis
  • Neuronal survival
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Endogenous Neural Stem/Progenitor Cells Stabilize the Cortical Microenvironment after Traumatic Brain Injury'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Dixon, K. J., Theus, M. H., Nelersa, C. M., Mier, J., Travieso, L. G., Yu, T. S., Kernie, S. G., & Liebl, D. J. (2015). Endogenous Neural Stem/Progenitor Cells Stabilize the Cortical Microenvironment after Traumatic Brain Injury. Journal of neurotrauma, 32(11), 753-764. https://doi.org/10.1089/neu.2014.3390