Endogenous Inhibitor of Bone Cell Proliferation

J. Edward Puzas, Rolf H. Drivdahl, Guy A. Howard, David J. Baylink

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


A substance recovered from the medium of embryonic chick bones growing in organ culture inhibits the proliferation of chick calvarial bone cells in vitro. This inhibition of proliferation occurs within 3 hr after exposure of the cells to the inhibitory substance (IS) in a manner which does not appear to affect the protein synthesis or the gross morphology of the cells. The medium from which IS is obtained can be diluted 500-fold and still retain significant inhibitory activity. Cells in culture spontaneously escape the inhibition of a single dose of IS within 24 hr of exposure, however, upon further addition of IS to these cells inhibition of proliferation is again observed. Cells derived from chick bone as well as rat and human bone are more sensitive to the inhibition than are chick dermal fibroblasts and chick liver and muscle cells. IS is not destroyed after treatment of the conditioned medium with trypsin, phospholipase A2, RNase, neuraminidase, or heat. IS is also not a commonly produced prostaglandin. Estimates of the molecular weight of IS range from 6000 to 14,000 daltons. While these features do not disclose the exact nature of this substance, they are consistent with this substance being a small polypeptide without the exposed amino acids, lysine or arginine. We conclude that the presence of such a substance supports the concept of local regulation of bone metabolism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-122
Number of pages10
JournalProceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1981
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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