Endogenous fungal endophthalmitis: Causative organisms, management strategies, and visual acuity outcomes

Ahila Lingappan, Charles C. Wykoff, Thomas A. Albini, Darlene Miller, Avinash Pathengay, Janet L. Davis, Harry W. Flynn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

106 Scopus citations


To report the causative organisms, management strategies, and visual outcomes in endogenous fungal endophthalmitis. Observational case series. Microbiologic and medical records were reviewed retrospectively for all patients with culture-positive endogenous fungal endophthalmitis between January 1, 1990, and July 1, 2009. Study criteria were met in 65 eyes of 51 patients with mean follow-up of 18 months. Yeasts were the most common causative organism in 38 (75%) patients compared with molds in 13 (25%) patients. Retinal detachment occurred in 17 eyes (26%). Visual acuity of 20/200 or better was present in 28 (56%) eyes with yeasts and in 5 (33%) eyes with molds at the last follow-up. Yeasts were the most common cause of culture-proven unilateral or bilateral endogenous fungal endophthalmitis. Endogenous fungal endophthalmitis generally is associated with poor visual acuity outcomes, especially when caused by molds. Retinal detachment is a frequent occurrence during follow-up.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)162-166.e1
JournalAmerican journal of ophthalmology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2012


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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