EMG biofeedback as treatment for patellofemoral pain syndrome

H. H. Wise, Ira Fiebert, J. L. Kates

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Patellofemoral pain syndrome may be classified as a dysfunction of the patella's ability to track in the femoral groove. This study identifies an effective treatment approach for patellofemoral pain syndrome. The approach intergrates the concept of improved patellar tracking through selective enhancement of the vastus medialis oblique muscle with conventional exercise regimens for patellofemoral pain syndrome. Six patellofemoral pain syndrome patients were enrolled in a three-phase electromyographic biofeedback and exercise program; biofeedback orientation and instruction in isometric quadriceps contractions, straight leg raises, and a home program; biofeedback training for vastus medialis oblique enhancement with isometric quadriceps contractions, straight leg raises, terminal knee extensions, and progressive resistive exercises; and incorporation of increased vastus medialis oblique activity in functional patterns of movement. All six patients learned to alter their vastus medialis oblique activity through the use of his treatment approach. The alteration of vastus medialis oblique activity resulted in an apparent change in the patellofemoral forces and a concomitant decrease in the patients' complaints of pain. These patients were able to return to pain-free functional activities in only six to nine treatment sessions within a 4- to 6-week period. The use of electromyographic biofeedback coupled with a graded exercise program is an efficient and effective treatment approach for patellofemoral pain syndrome patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-103
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Volume6
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 1 1984

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Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome
Quadriceps Muscle
Exercise
Isometric Contraction
Leg
Therapeutics
Aptitude
Patella
Thigh
Knee
Biofeedback (Psychology)
Pain
Muscles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Professions(all)
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

EMG biofeedback as treatment for patellofemoral pain syndrome. / Wise, H. H.; Fiebert, Ira; Kates, J. L.

In: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, Vol. 6, No. 2, 01.12.1984, p. 95-103.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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