Elevated lactate and alkalosis in chronic human brain infarction observed by1H and31P MR spectroscopic imaging

James W. Hugg, Jeff H. Duijn, Gerald B. Matson, Andrew A. Maudsley, Jay S. Tsuruda, Deborah F. Gelinas, Michael W. Weiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Scopus citations


The goal of this study was to investigate lactate and pH distributions in subacutely and chronically infarcted human brains. Magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) was used to map spatial distributions of 1H and 31P metabolites in 11 nonhemorrhagic subacute to chronic cerebral infarction patients and 11 controls. All six infarcts containing lactate were alkalotic (pHi = 7.20 ± 0.04 vs. 7.05 ± 0.01 contralateral, p < 0.01). This finding of elevated lactate and alkalosis in chronic infarctions does not support the presence of chronic ischemia; however, it is consistent with the presence of phagocytic cells, gliosis, altered buffering mechanisms, and/or luxury perfusion. Total 1H and 31P metabolites were markedly reduced (about 50% on average) in subacute and chronic brain infarctions (p < 0.01), and N-acetyl aspartate (NAA) was reduced more (∼75) than other metabolites (p < 0.01). Because NAA is localized in neurons, selective NAA reduction is consistent with pathological findings of a greater loss of neurent than glial cells in chronic infarctions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)734-744
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes


  • Alkalosis
  • Brain infarction
  • Hydrogen metabolism
  • Lactate
  • Magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging
  • Phosphorus metabolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


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