Thirty-two children with atrioventricular (AV) canal underwent electrophysiologic studies: 18 underwent preoperative studies at a median age of 3 years (range 6 months to 16 years); 14 underwent postoperative studies at a median age of 4 years (range 2 to 19); and 2 underwent both preoperative and postoperative matched studies. In the preoperative group the following abnormalities were observed: first-degree AV block in 5 patients (due to internodal conduction delay in 1, AV nodal conduction delay in 2 and normal intracardiac intervals in 2); internodal conduction delay but normal PR interval in 4; and disease of the sinus node in only 1. In the postoperative group the following abnormalities were observed: first-degree AV block in 9 (due to AV nodal conduction delay in 2, His-Purkinje system conduction delay in 1, upper normal intracardiac intervals in 3 and unidentified in 3); prolongation of the right ventricular apical activation time in 11 of 13 with right bundle branch block; abnormal sinus node function in 3; and abnormal AV nodal function in 4 (1 of whom had associated sinus node disease). Atrial and ventricular functions were normal in all preoperative and postoperative patients. Electrophysiologic dysfunction is rare in preoperative patients with AV canal; in postoperative patients electrophysiologic abnormalities occur in 38% and involve the sinus and AV nodes in 19 and 25%, respectively.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine