A class of electromagnetic sources with multi-cosine Gaussian Schell-model correlation function is introduced. The realizability conditions for such sources and the beam conditions for the beams generated by them are established. Analytical formulas for the cross-spectral density matrix of such beams propagating in free space are derived and used to examine their statistical properties by numerical simulations. The results demonstrate that such beams possess invariant far-field concentric rings-like intensity patterns, uniform polarization state on all rings, and generally different degree of polarization values on different rings. By changing the summation index and other source parameters, the number of rings along with the behavior of various beam characteristics can be tuned at will.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics