A recently introduced class of scalar cosine-Gaussian Schell-Model [CGSM] beams is generalized to electromagnetic theory. The realizability conditions and the beam conditions on the source parameters are derived. Analytical formulas for the cross-spectral density matrix elements of the electromagnetic cosine-Gaussian Schell-model [EM CGSM] beams propagating in isotropic random medium are derived. It is found that the EM CGSM beams possess single-ring or double-ring intensity profiles, depending of source parameters. As two examples, the statistical characteristics of the EM CGSM beams propagating in free space and non-Kolmogorov turbulent atmosphere are studied numerically. The effects of the fractal constant of the atmospheric spectrum and the refractive-index structure constant on such characteristics are analyzed in detail.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics