Ejaculatory disorders in men with spinal cord injury

Mikkel Fode, Sheila Krogh-Jespersen, Nancy Brackett, Dana A. Ohl, Charles M Lynne, Jens Sønksen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Spinal cord injury (SCI) most often affects younger men, rendering them unable to ejaculate and therefore incapable of fathering children without medical assistance. Furthermore, most men with SCI have low sperm motility and low sperm viability, probably due to alterations in the seminal plasma and the immune system following the injury. The first choice to induce ejaculation in men with SCI is penile vibratory stimulation (PVS). When this is not successful, the second choice is electroejaculation (EEJ), which is almost always successful. Only if both of these procedures fail should surgical sperm retrieval be considered. In many cases, ejaculation via PVS can be carried out by the patient and his partner at home, followed by home insemination if circumstances and sperm quality are adequate. Other reproductive options include intrauterine insemination (IUI), in vitro fertilisation (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), depending on the motile sperm count of the patient. Numerous studies have revealed a lack of differences in parenting styles and outcomes in children of individuals with and without SCI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-55
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Urological Review
Volume6
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011

Fingerprint

Spinal Cord Injuries
Ejaculation
Insemination
Spermatozoa
Sperm Retrieval
Medical Assistance
Sperm Count
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injections
Sperm Motility
Parenting
Fertilization in Vitro
Semen
Immune System
Wounds and Injuries

Keywords

  • Assisted reproductive techniques
  • Ejaculation
  • Electroejaculation
  • Infertility
  • Intravaginal insemination
  • Parenting
  • Penile vibratory stimulation
  • Retrograde ejaculation
  • Semen quality
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Surgical sperm retrieval

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

Cite this

Fode, M., Krogh-Jespersen, S., Brackett, N., Ohl, D. A., Lynne, C. M., & Sønksen, J. (2011). Ejaculatory disorders in men with spinal cord injury. European Urological Review, 6(1), 49-55.

Ejaculatory disorders in men with spinal cord injury. / Fode, Mikkel; Krogh-Jespersen, Sheila; Brackett, Nancy; Ohl, Dana A.; Lynne, Charles M; Sønksen, Jens.

In: European Urological Review, Vol. 6, No. 1, 01.12.2011, p. 49-55.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fode, M, Krogh-Jespersen, S, Brackett, N, Ohl, DA, Lynne, CM & Sønksen, J 2011, 'Ejaculatory disorders in men with spinal cord injury', European Urological Review, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 49-55.
Fode M, Krogh-Jespersen S, Brackett N, Ohl DA, Lynne CM, Sønksen J. Ejaculatory disorders in men with spinal cord injury. European Urological Review. 2011 Dec 1;6(1):49-55.
Fode, Mikkel ; Krogh-Jespersen, Sheila ; Brackett, Nancy ; Ohl, Dana A. ; Lynne, Charles M ; Sønksen, Jens. / Ejaculatory disorders in men with spinal cord injury. In: European Urological Review. 2011 ; Vol. 6, No. 1. pp. 49-55.
@article{820d382a2b944e5b9ce3da512cb82626,
title = "Ejaculatory disorders in men with spinal cord injury",
abstract = "Spinal cord injury (SCI) most often affects younger men, rendering them unable to ejaculate and therefore incapable of fathering children without medical assistance. Furthermore, most men with SCI have low sperm motility and low sperm viability, probably due to alterations in the seminal plasma and the immune system following the injury. The first choice to induce ejaculation in men with SCI is penile vibratory stimulation (PVS). When this is not successful, the second choice is electroejaculation (EEJ), which is almost always successful. Only if both of these procedures fail should surgical sperm retrieval be considered. In many cases, ejaculation via PVS can be carried out by the patient and his partner at home, followed by home insemination if circumstances and sperm quality are adequate. Other reproductive options include intrauterine insemination (IUI), in vitro fertilisation (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), depending on the motile sperm count of the patient. Numerous studies have revealed a lack of differences in parenting styles and outcomes in children of individuals with and without SCI.",
keywords = "Assisted reproductive techniques, Ejaculation, Electroejaculation, Infertility, Intravaginal insemination, Parenting, Penile vibratory stimulation, Retrograde ejaculation, Semen quality, Spinal cord injury, Surgical sperm retrieval",
author = "Mikkel Fode and Sheila Krogh-Jespersen and Nancy Brackett and Ohl, {Dana A.} and Lynne, {Charles M} and Jens S{\o}nksen",
year = "2011",
month = "12",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "49--55",
journal = "European Urological Review",
issn = "1758-3829",
publisher = "Touch Briefings",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ejaculatory disorders in men with spinal cord injury

AU - Fode, Mikkel

AU - Krogh-Jespersen, Sheila

AU - Brackett, Nancy

AU - Ohl, Dana A.

AU - Lynne, Charles M

AU - Sønksen, Jens

PY - 2011/12/1

Y1 - 2011/12/1

N2 - Spinal cord injury (SCI) most often affects younger men, rendering them unable to ejaculate and therefore incapable of fathering children without medical assistance. Furthermore, most men with SCI have low sperm motility and low sperm viability, probably due to alterations in the seminal plasma and the immune system following the injury. The first choice to induce ejaculation in men with SCI is penile vibratory stimulation (PVS). When this is not successful, the second choice is electroejaculation (EEJ), which is almost always successful. Only if both of these procedures fail should surgical sperm retrieval be considered. In many cases, ejaculation via PVS can be carried out by the patient and his partner at home, followed by home insemination if circumstances and sperm quality are adequate. Other reproductive options include intrauterine insemination (IUI), in vitro fertilisation (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), depending on the motile sperm count of the patient. Numerous studies have revealed a lack of differences in parenting styles and outcomes in children of individuals with and without SCI.

AB - Spinal cord injury (SCI) most often affects younger men, rendering them unable to ejaculate and therefore incapable of fathering children without medical assistance. Furthermore, most men with SCI have low sperm motility and low sperm viability, probably due to alterations in the seminal plasma and the immune system following the injury. The first choice to induce ejaculation in men with SCI is penile vibratory stimulation (PVS). When this is not successful, the second choice is electroejaculation (EEJ), which is almost always successful. Only if both of these procedures fail should surgical sperm retrieval be considered. In many cases, ejaculation via PVS can be carried out by the patient and his partner at home, followed by home insemination if circumstances and sperm quality are adequate. Other reproductive options include intrauterine insemination (IUI), in vitro fertilisation (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), depending on the motile sperm count of the patient. Numerous studies have revealed a lack of differences in parenting styles and outcomes in children of individuals with and without SCI.

KW - Assisted reproductive techniques

KW - Ejaculation

KW - Electroejaculation

KW - Infertility

KW - Intravaginal insemination

KW - Parenting

KW - Penile vibratory stimulation

KW - Retrograde ejaculation

KW - Semen quality

KW - Spinal cord injury

KW - Surgical sperm retrieval

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84871822769&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84871822769&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84871822769

VL - 6

SP - 49

EP - 55

JO - European Urological Review

JF - European Urological Review

SN - 1758-3829

IS - 1

ER -