Objectives: To generate non-haematopoietic tissues from mobilized haematopoietic CD133+ stem cells. Materials and methods: Mobilized peripheral blood CD133+ cells from adult healthy donors were used. In vitro ability of highly enriched CD133+ cells from mobilized peripheral blood to generate multipotent cells, and their potential to give rise to cells with characteristics of neuroectoderm, endoderm and mesoderm layers was investigated. Results: We found that a recently identified population of CD45+ adherent cells generated in vitro after culture of highly purified CD133+ cells for 3-5 weeks with Flt3/Flk2 ligand and interleukin-6 can, in presence of the appropriate microenvironmental cues, differentiate into neural progenitor-like cells (NPLCs), hepatocyte-like cells and skeletal muscle-like cells. We have termed them to be adult multipotent haematopoietic cells (AMHCs). AMHC-derived NPLCs expressed morphological, phenotypic and molecular markers associated with primary neural progenitor cells. They can differentiate into astrocyte-like cells, neuronal-like cells and oligodendrocyte-like cells. Moreover, AMHC-derived NPLCs produced 3,4-dihydrophenylalanine and dopamine and expressed voltage-activated ion channels, suggesting their functional maturation. In addition, AMHC-derived hepatocyte-like cells and skeletal muscle-like cells, showed typical morphological features and expressed primary tissue-associated proteins. Conclusion: Our data demonstrate that AMHCs may therefore serve as a novel source of adult multipotent cells for autologous replacement cell therapies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology