Efficiency and formalism of quantum games

Chiu Fan Lee, Neil F. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


We show that quantum games are more efficient than classical games and provide a saturated upper bound for this efficiency. We also demonstrate that the set of finite classical games is a strict subset of the set of finite quantum games. Our analysis is based on a rigorous formulation of quantum games, from which quantum versions of the minimax theorem and the Nash equilibrium theorem can be deduced.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5
Number of pages1
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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