Efficacy of a DVD-based smoking cessation intervention for African Americans

Monica Webb Hooper, Elizabeth A. Baker, Robert G. Robinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Previous research suggests that African American smokers may have improved outcomes if interventions are culturally specific. However, few interventions sufficiently address the unique needs of this population in a format with large reach potential. The purpose of this study was to test the efficacy of a newly developed digital video disc (DVD)-based cessation intervention targeting African Americans. Methods: In a 2-arm randomized trial, smokers (N = 140) were randomly assigned to view either the new Pathways to Freedom (PTF) DVD or a standard control DVD. Participants were assessed at baseline, immediately postviewing the DVD, and at a 1-month follow-up. The primary outcomes were feasibility and process variables, including intervention evaluations, readiness to quit, and risk perceptions, and smoking-related behavior changes were examined as secondary outcomes. Results: Findings demonstrated the hypothesized positive effects of the PTF DVD compared with the control DVD on content evaluations, risk perceptions, and readiness to quit at follow-up. Conclusions: We found initial evidence for the efficacy of the PTF DVD as a stand-alone intervention. Future research will test the efficacy of the DVD for smoking cessation in a larger randomized trial. The ultimate goal of this research is to validate a new intervention for an underserved community of smokers that can be used in multiple settings, such as community health clinics, primary care, quitlines, cessation clinics, and seminars/workshops.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1327-1335
Number of pages9
JournalNicotine and Tobacco Research
Volume16
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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