Background To assess the efficacy and safety of the second-generation probe of ultrasonic circular cyclocoagulation (UC3) in naive or refractory glaucoma, with a 6-month follow-up. Methods A retrospective consecutive case-series study included patients having a UC3 procedure with the second-generation probe of the EyeOP1 device, intraocular pressure (IOP) ≥ 21 mmHg and under maximum tolerated medical treatment, with or without previous glaucoma surgery. Surgical success was defined at the 6-month post-operative visit as IOP > 5 and ≥ 21 mmHg with IOP reduction ≥ 20% from baseline, without any reoperation, and visual acuity better than negative light perception. Results 100 patients were included and 97 (97.0%; 97 eyes) attended the 6-month follow-up. At 6 months, surgical success was obtained in 48 eyes (49.5%). Intraocular pressure was reduced from a mean ± SD preoperative value of 28.0 ± 5.6 mmHg to 19.3 ± 7.1 mmHg at 6 months (p<0.0001). The proportion of eyes requiring oral acetazolamide decreased from 57.0% to 30.0% between baseline and 6 months after surgery (p = 0.0007). We observed 15 (15.0%) cases of postsurgical macular edema, 8 (8.0%) of hypotony, and 20 (20.0%) of visual acuity loss > 2 Snellen lines. Postsurgical macular edema was associated with a history of epiretinal membranes, uveitis or retinal detachment. Risk factors for hypotony were a history of diabetes or trabeculectomy. Conclusions The second-generation UC3 probe significantly reduced IOP in eyes with naive and refractory glaucoma but severe post-operative complications were often observed. Further studies are needed to better identify responders and decrease the high risk for complications associated with the procedure.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)