Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among maintenance hemodialysis patients is implicated in increased morbidity and mortality compared to uninfected patients. Sofosbuvir (SOF)-based regimens may not be optimal among patients requiring hemodialysis. Several studies, however, provide evidence that use of SOF among HCV-positive patients with renal impairment, is effective and safe. We searched Pubmed and Embase to identify studies reporting the efficacy and safety of SOF-based regimens for the treatment of HCV-positive patients on maintenance hemodialysis and performed a random effects meta-analysis. The overall pooled estimate of the efficacy of SOF-based therapy was 95% (95% CI 91–98%). The efficacy of the SOF-based regimen was 92% (95% CI 80–99%), 98% (95% CI 96–100%), and 100% (95% CI 95–100%) for the following doses: 400 mg on alternate days, 400 mg daily, and 200 mg daily, respectively. The most frequent adverse event was fatigue with a pooled prevalence of 16% (95% CI 5–29%), followed by anemia 15% (95% CI 3–31%), and nausea or vomiting 14% (95% CI 4–27%). Anemia was more prevalent in treatment regimens containing ribavirin (46%, 95% CI 33–59%) compared to ribavirin-free regimens (3%, 95% CI 0–9%). This study suggests that SOF-based regimens in the treatment of HCV infection among hemodialysis patients are both effective and safe.
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