Efficacy and safety of palbociclib in patients with estrogen receptor–positive/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2–negative advanced breast cancer with preexisting conditions: A post hoc analysis of PALOMA-2

Karen Gelmon, Janice M. Walshe, Reshma Mahtani, Anil A. Joy, Meghan Karuturi, Patrick Neven, Dongrui Ray Lu, Sindy Kim, Patrick Schnell, Eustratios Bananis, Lee Schwartzberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: In the PALOMA-2 trial, palbociclib in combination with letrozole prolonged progression-free survival (PFS) and exhibited an acceptable safety profile in patients with estrogen receptor–positive/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2–negative advanced breast cancer (ABC). This post hoc analysis of PALOMA-2 evaluated the efficacy and safety of palbociclib plus letrozole in patients with preexisting conditions grouped by Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities (MedDRA) System Organ Class (SOC). Methods: Postmenopausal patients without prior treatment for ABC were randomized 2:1 to receive palbociclib (125 mg/d on a 3 weeks on/1 week off schedule) plus letrozole (2.5 mg/d, continuous) or placebo plus letrozole. Patients were grouped by the following MedDRA SOC preexisting conditions: gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal, metabolic, and vascular/cardiac. Median PFS was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method, and treatment emergent adverse events (AEs) were compared between treatment arms within each preexisting condition subgroup. Results: At baseline, 276 (41.4 %) patients had preexisting gastrointestinal disorders, 390 (58.6 %) had musculoskeletal disorders, 259 (38.9 %) had metabolic disorders, and 382 (57.4 %) had vascular/cardiac disorders. Baseline characteristics were similar between subgroups and between each arm within subgroups. Regardless of baseline preexisting condition, palbociclib plus letrozole prolonged PFS compared with placebo plus letrozole. Treatment-emergent AEs associated with palbociclib plus letrozole and dose modifications due to AEs were similar across preexisting condition subgroups. Conclusion: This post hoc analysis of PALOMA-2 demonstrated a favorable effect of palbociclib on PFS and a safety profile consistent with previous observations, regardless of underlying preexisting condition. Pfizer Inc (NCT01740427).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)321-326
Number of pages6
JournalBreast
Volume59
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Advanced breast cancer
  • Palbociclib
  • Preexisting condition
  • Progression-free survival
  • Safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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