Efficacy and safety of insulin degludec in a flexible dosing regimen vs insulin glargine in patients with type 1 diabetes (BEGIN: Flex T1): A 26-week randomized, treat-to-target trial with a 26-week extension

Chantal Mathieu, Priscilla Hollander, Bresta Miranda-Palma, John Cooper, Edward Franek, David Russell-Jones, Jens Larsen, Søren Can Tamer, Stephen C. Bain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

158 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: This study investigated the efficacy and safety of insulin degludec (IDeg) once daily (OD), varying injection timing day to day in subjects with type 1 diabetes. Research Design and Methods: This 26-week, open-label, treat-to-target, noninferiority trial compared IDeg forced flexible (Forced-Flex) OD (given in a fixed schedule with a minimum 8 and maximum 40 hours between doses) with IDeg or insulin glargine (IGlar) given at the same time daily OD. In the 26-week extension, all IDeg subjects were transferred to a free-flexible (Free-Flex) regimen, which allowed any-time-of-day dosing, and compared with subjects continued on IGlar. Results: After 26 treatment weeks, mean glycosylated hemoglobin was reduced with IDeg Forced-Flex (-0.40%), IDeg (-0.41%), and IGlar (-0.58%). IDeg Forced-Flex noninferiority was achieved. Fasting plasma glucose reductions were similar with IDeg Forced-Flex and IGlar but greater with IDeg (-2.54 mmol/L) than IDeg Forced-Flex (-1.28 mmol/L) (P = .021). At week 52, IDeg Free-Flex subjects had similar glycosylated hemoglobin but greater fasting plasma glucose reductions than IGlar subjects (-1.07 mmol/L) (P = .005). Confirmed hypoglycemia rates (plasma glucose <3.1 mmol/L or severe hypoglycemia) were similar at weeks 26 and 52. Nocturnal confirmed hypoglycemia was lower with IDeg Forced-Flex vs IDeg (37%; P = .003) and IGlar (40%; P = .001) at week 26 and 25% lower with IDeg Free-Flex vs IGlar (P = .026) at week 52. Conclusions: IDeg can be administered OD at any time of day, with injection timing varied without compromising glycemic control or safety vs same-time-daily IDeg or IGlar. This may improve basal insulin adherence by allowing injection-time adjustment according to individual needs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1154-1162
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume98
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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