Effects of Toys or Group Composition for Children With Disabilities: A Synthesis

Ae Hwa Kim, Sharon Vaughn, Batya Elbaum, Marie Tejero Hughes, Claire V.Morris Sloan, Dheepa Sridhar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


This synthesis reviewed the findings of 13 intervention studies, published between 1975 and June 1999, that examined the effects of manipulation of toys or group composition on social behaviors of 3- to 5-year-old children with disabilities. The purpose, participants, intervention, measurement, and findings of each study are described. An analysis of study outcomes is provided for (a) toy effect, (b) group composition effect, and (c) toy effect combined with group composition effect. Positive outcomes were associated with children's playing with social toys and play groups that included children with and without disabilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)189-205
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Early Intervention
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of Toys or Group Composition for Children With Disabilities: A Synthesis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this