Effects of the Lexington LaserComb on hair regrowth in the C3H/HeJ mouse model of alopecia areata

Tongyu Cao Wikramanayake, Rosa Rodriguez, Sonal Choudhary, Lucia M. Mauro, Keyvan Nouri, Lawrence A. Schachner, Joaquin J. Jimenez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alopecia areata (AA) is a common autoimmune disease that presents with non-scarring alopecia. It is characterized by intra- or peri-follicular lymphocytic infiltrates composed of CD4+ and CD8+ T-cells on histology. To this day, few treatments are effective for AA. Here we present findings of using a low-level laser comb to alleviate the symptoms of AA in a C3H/HeJ mouse model for AA. Fourteen C3H/HeJ mice with induced AA were used in this study. Two were killed to confirm AA through histology. The remaining 12 mice were randomized into two groups; group I received HairMax LaserComb (wavelength: 655 nm, beam diameter <5 mm; divergence 57 mrad; nine lasers) for 20 s daily, three times per week for a total of 6 weeks; group II was treated similarly, except that the laser was turned off (sham-treated). After 6 weeks of LaserComb treatment, hair regrowth was observed in all the mice in group I (laser-treated) but none in group II (sham-treated). On histology, increased number of anagen hair follicles was observed in laser-treated mice. On the other hand, shamtreated mice demonstrated hair follicles in the telogen phase with no hair shaft. LaserComb seems to be an effective and convenient device for the treatment of AA in the C3H/HeJ mouse model. Human studies are required to determine the efficacy and safety of this device for AA therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)431-436
Number of pages6
JournalLasers in medical science
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2012

Keywords

  • 655-nm laser
  • Alopecia areata
  • C3H/HeJ mice
  • LaserComb

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Dermatology

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