Effects of stress management on PNI-based outcomes in persons with HIV disease

Nancy L. McCain, Barbara A. Munjas, Cindy Munro, R. K. Elswick, Jo L. Wheeler Robins, Andrea Ferreira-Gonzalez, Beverly Baliko, Lisa G. Kaplowitz, Evelyn J. Fisher, Carleton T. Garrett, Kevin E. Brigle, Linda C. Kendall, Valentina Lucas, Katherine L. Cochran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A pretest-posttest, repeated-measures design was used to evaluate the effects of two stress management interventions on a battery of outcomes derived from a psychoneuroimmunological (PNI) framework. The effects of cognitive-behavioral relaxation training groups (CBSM) and social support groups (SSG) were compared with a WAIT-listed control group on the outcomes of psychosocial functioning, quality of life, neuroendocrine mediation, and somatic health. Participants were 148 individuals (119 men, 29 women), diagnosed with HIV disease; 112 (76%) completing the study groups. Using analysis of covariance, the CBSM group was found to have significantly higher postintervention emotional well-being and total quality-of-life scores than did either the SSG or WAIT groups. SSG participants had significantly lower social/family well-being scores immediately postintervention and lower social support scores after 6 months. The findings point to a pressing need for further, well-controlled research with these common intervention modalities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)102-117
Number of pages16
JournalResearch in Nursing and Health
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

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Social Support
Self-Help Groups
HIV
Quality of Life
Control Groups
Health
Research

Keywords

  • HIV/AIDS
  • Nursing interventions
  • Psychoneuroimmunology
  • Stress management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

McCain, N. L., Munjas, B. A., Munro, C., Elswick, R. K., Wheeler Robins, J. L., Ferreira-Gonzalez, A., ... Cochran, K. L. (2003). Effects of stress management on PNI-based outcomes in persons with HIV disease. Research in Nursing and Health, 26(2), 102-117. https://doi.org/10.1002/nur.10074

Effects of stress management on PNI-based outcomes in persons with HIV disease. / McCain, Nancy L.; Munjas, Barbara A.; Munro, Cindy; Elswick, R. K.; Wheeler Robins, Jo L.; Ferreira-Gonzalez, Andrea; Baliko, Beverly; Kaplowitz, Lisa G.; Fisher, Evelyn J.; Garrett, Carleton T.; Brigle, Kevin E.; Kendall, Linda C.; Lucas, Valentina; Cochran, Katherine L.

In: Research in Nursing and Health, Vol. 26, No. 2, 01.04.2003, p. 102-117.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McCain, NL, Munjas, BA, Munro, C, Elswick, RK, Wheeler Robins, JL, Ferreira-Gonzalez, A, Baliko, B, Kaplowitz, LG, Fisher, EJ, Garrett, CT, Brigle, KE, Kendall, LC, Lucas, V & Cochran, KL 2003, 'Effects of stress management on PNI-based outcomes in persons with HIV disease', Research in Nursing and Health, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 102-117. https://doi.org/10.1002/nur.10074
McCain NL, Munjas BA, Munro C, Elswick RK, Wheeler Robins JL, Ferreira-Gonzalez A et al. Effects of stress management on PNI-based outcomes in persons with HIV disease. Research in Nursing and Health. 2003 Apr 1;26(2):102-117. https://doi.org/10.1002/nur.10074
McCain, Nancy L. ; Munjas, Barbara A. ; Munro, Cindy ; Elswick, R. K. ; Wheeler Robins, Jo L. ; Ferreira-Gonzalez, Andrea ; Baliko, Beverly ; Kaplowitz, Lisa G. ; Fisher, Evelyn J. ; Garrett, Carleton T. ; Brigle, Kevin E. ; Kendall, Linda C. ; Lucas, Valentina ; Cochran, Katherine L. / Effects of stress management on PNI-based outcomes in persons with HIV disease. In: Research in Nursing and Health. 2003 ; Vol. 26, No. 2. pp. 102-117.
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