Effects of stability balls on children's on-task behavior, academic achievement, and discipline referrals: A randomized controlled trial

Alicia Fedewa, Matthew A.C. Davis, Soyeon Ahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE. We used a randomized controlled design to investigate whether using stability balls during the school day was associated with higher levels of on-task behavior and academic achievement and fewer discipline referrals. METHOD. Over 9 mo, students in 2 second-grade classrooms in a southeastern rural elementary school used stability balls as chairs while students in 2 control classrooms used chairs as usual. We collected measures of on-task behavior, standardized measures of literacy and mathematics achievement, and discipline referrals. RESULTS. We found similar levels of on-task behavior and achievement in treatment and control classrooms and a downward trend in disruptive behaviors in treatment classrooms. CONCLUSION. This study did not find use of stability balls for entire general education classrooms to be a practical use of resources for schools. More research with rigorous controlled designs is needed to support the use of stability balls for the general education population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Occupational Therapy
Volume69
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015

Keywords

  • Achievement
  • Child behavior
  • Students
  • Task performance and analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Occupational Therapy

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