Effects of reverse-transcriptase mutations M184V and E89G on simian immunodeficiency virus in rhesus monkeys

M. C. Newstein, R. C. Desrosiers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mutations in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 reverse-transcriptase codons 89 and 184 confer inhibitor resistance and alter the mutation spectrum of the enzyme. Six macaques were inoculated with wild-type or mutated derivatives (E89G or E89G and M184V) of simian immunodeficiency virus macaque (SIVmac) 239. Five of the infected monkeys maintained high virus loads; the sixth, which was infected with the E89G mutant strain, maintained viremia at a level below the limit of detection. Sequence analysis demonstrated substantial reversion of the E89G mutation in the animals with progressive infection and preservation of this mutation in the animal with controlled infection. A P272S mutation occurred at high frequency in the viruses containing M184V, which did not revert. These results demonstrate that the E89G mutation has a significant negative impact on SIVmac fitness, whereas SIVmac bearing M184V achieved high, sustained virus loads, perhaps with a compensatory effect of the P272S mutation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1262-1267
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume184
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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