Effects of N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine and L-arginine on acetylcholine renal response

V. Lahera, M. G. Salom, M. J. Fiksen-Olsen, L. Raij, J. C. Romero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

96 Scopus citations

Abstract

Intrarenal infusion of acetylcholine in meclofenamate-treated dogs significantly increased renal blood flow, diuresis, and natriuresis. Intrarenal infusions of either NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (inhibitor of endothelium-derived relaxing factor formation), or L-arginine (precursor of endothelium-derived relaxing factor formation) did not modify basal levels of those parameters. However, the infusion of NG-monomethyl-L-arginine inhibited the acetylcholine-induced increases in renal blood flow and diuresis without affecting natriuresis, which increased significantly. The infusion of L-arginine failed to further enhance hemodynamic and excretory effects elicited by acetylcholine. The concomitant infusion of L-arginine and NG-monomethyl-L-arginine did not change renal blood flow, urine flow, or sodium excretion rate. L-Arginine administration prevented the inhibitory effect of NG-monomethyl-L-arginine on acetylcholine-induced renal vasodilatation and diuresis. Glomerular filtration rate and mean arterial pressure did not change throughout the experiment. The results indicate that the vasodilatory and diuretic responses to intrarenal acetylcholine in meclofenamate-treated dogs are largely dependent on endothelium-derived relaxing factor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)659-663
Number of pages5
JournalHypertension
Volume15
Issue number6 I
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990

Keywords

  • Acetylcholine
  • Arginine
  • Endothelium
  • Hemodynamics
  • Renal function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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    Lahera, V., Salom, M. G., Fiksen-Olsen, M. J., Raij, L., & Romero, J. C. (1990). Effects of N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine and L-arginine on acetylcholine renal response. Hypertension, 15(6 I), 659-663. https://doi.org/10.1161/01.hyp.15.6.659